In the energy policy, it is not unlike many issues: What is to be discussed, depends on who is sitting at the table. In the case of intra-German rounds of the German energy transition and Decarbonisation are at the heart of it; everything derives from it. At the security conference in Munich, Scandinavians, Eastern Europeans, Americans, and Russians with talk - to- this changes the angle of view. And changed what the participants say whether they represented the Federal government, the Opposition or the economy.
The round with the pretty English word game in the title - "A Pipeline Dream? Solutions to the North Stream 2 Impasse" - it is marked as Background. One may attribute the statements to any Person in particular.
no one here follows the formula of the Federal government, Nord Stream 2 is a purely private project, not a political one. Several Non-German to underline that it is impossible to decouple energy issues of supply security, geo-strategy and diplomacy. There is also the German member of Cabinet, does not speak.
In the course of the debate, you can easily get the idea that the Germans had maneuvered himself into the energy policy in a similar position as the British at the Brexit. You don't know what you want everything but are not a good solution, when you have excluded a lot of options.daily mirror Background of energy & climate try it Now for free! the
the representatives of the Federal government, describes the Situation: Germany is already the biggest gas consumers in Europe, the demand will increase in the next 20 years Because Germany has decided the nuclear phase-out until 2022 and the Coal phase-out by 2028. Renewable will not be able to compensate in time. So only high gas import. The gas production through Fracking has ruled Germany.
The European energy markets are not liberalised, so it should be more the task of the state, the provision of the infrastructure. This make the private economy, so they decide what is built and what is not.
in Sight, the European stocks are going to go to the end, the German and the international demand are on the rise. Because Nord Stream and Russia come into the game. Germany has long been a high degree dependent on Russian Gas. So far, this has not led to security problems. But now the EU, Germany has forced the tightening of the Gas Directive, to reconsider this attitude. The Federal government must now negotiate with Russia but also Ukraine and the EU-Commission, such as Nord Stream 2 with the new requirements and the interests of the security of Ukraine agree.
says A Russian Diplomat, all of this was a result of American interests and American pressure. The United States wanted to impose on Europe their liquid.
But to speak in a way many Europeans, the Americans, anyway. It is going to organize a fair competition. Gazprom wanted to give Nord Stream a advantage - some call it even "a monopoly". And it would be good if European countries have multiple options and the choice of where you purchase Gas.
Also, the Americans in the round, do not stress, of course, it is going to push Russia out of the market, but to organize a fair competition between different gas suppliers. And to reduce the high dependence on Russia - or of each of the energy types. Dependence on individual energy types, or individual suppliers do blackmail. Diversification reduces the susceptibility to blackmail. The United States wanted a free, not blackmail Europe, Nord Stream 2 is so critical.
Gazprom must decide
Such arguments, the EU have led to their most recent editions. Nord Stream 2 stand for the opposite of diversification. A supplier should feed Gazprom:. And the same group should control the Pipeline. This is now no longer, thanks to the intervention of the EU. Other gas producers are allowed to feed.
And Gazprom has to decide: It will no longer be able to gas supplier and Pipeline operator, but only either the one or the other.
There is no compelling reason for Germany to do so dependent on Russia that it is not to say German Europeans in the round. Globally, there is an Overproduction of Gas, for example, in the Arab world and in Central Asia. Also, the United States became a net exporter of Gas.
Germany could, therefore, diversify its sources of supply.
The start of the infrastructure. Global Gas will be in the future shipped to a high degree. Today, LPG is more expensive than Russian pipeline gas. That will change but, the more LPG in the market to come. The construction of the infrastructure will cheaper the Gas.More about
Nord Stream 2 agreement, which is also a warningGerd Appenzeller
But Gas is not only a temporary solution for a few years until the Renewable replace these fossil fuels? As contradict the European energy experts in Munich: no one should doubt Europe will cover its energy needs in 20 years, a considerable part of Gas.