– the problem of democracy, you solve with more democracy, not less, said the Uruguayan president, Tabaré Vázquez, prior to the meeting.
At the beginning of the meeting he wanted to bring an unconditional dialogue that went on that not require to Venezuela releases its political prisoners, or go on a new election, but was not echoed by the EU countries.
" We think that this international initiative is important to find a democratic solution through a free, transparent and credible elections, said the EU representative for foreign affairs, Federica Mogherini.
from the meeting, in which Sweden was represented by ambassador Tommy Strömberg, states, ”there are different political positions” within the group, but that group has agreed to ”create an international force to create a peaceful, political and democratic resolution that can support the venezuelans have to solve the crisis”. But in the second the final declaration managed all the countries to agree on calling for new elections in Venezuela.
the Meeting, nevertheless criticism of the Venezuelan opposition leader, Juan Guaidó, who reject negotiations and believe that Uruguay is not neutral because the country has condemned the venezuelan regime's abuses of human rights.
Uruguay has not done what is required in his attempt to defend the democracy in Venezuela, " says the opposition leader Juan Guaidó to the uruguayan newspaper El País.
previous attempts to mediate with the regime have failed and only served to buy time for the president Nicolás Maduro.
" the Regime has already killed 9.600 citizens. It is three times more than what the Augusto Pinochet dictatorship murdered in Chile, " says Juan Guaidó.
He warns that if the world does not act at risk of 300,000 people to die within the next few weeks due to lack of food and medicines. The united states has sent humanitarian aid to the colombian border town of Cúcuta, but the regime in Venezuela does not recognise that the population is undergoing a humanitarian crisis, but have blocked the roads into the country by means of road tankers and containers. Nicolás Maduro says that the american aid is a pretext to send in its military in the country.
Russia, which has strong interests in Venezuela. Since the Venezuelan economy collapsed two years ago, the Russian state oil company Rosneft has become the co-owner in the five different oil and gas fields in the country. On the Nicolás Maduro regime fall in danger for Russia to lose investment of up to sek 100 billion.
" If I'm going to be frank, we had expected that Russia would be able to be at this meeting in Montevideo, in any case, as an observer, but that was not the case, said the Russian deputy foreign minister Serguéi Riabkov to the news agency RIA Nóvosti.
if not the united states withdraws its threat of intervention can it lead to an armed conflict.
– It would be the worst possible scenario and could have severe and unpredictable consequences, " he says.
In both the united states and Russia has interests in Venezuela would be an armed conflict to develop into a so-called proxy war. That is to say, two countries are fighting against each other on a third state territory.