2019 must be the year the development turns, and the emissions of greenhouse gases goes down. Here are three suggestions for how we can pull ourselves out of the handlingslammelsen, at the entrance to yet another year that will bring the grim klimanyheter, each and every month.Bjørn Hallvard Samset. Photo: CICERO Show more
2018 offered records, disasters, revivals, and agreements and a sjumilssteg in the wrong direction. Throughout the year, the said nature know about what is in the air.
Here at home was the tørkesommer delivered to us by two blocking high-pressure systems in may and July. Weather and climate change went in the same direction, and otherwise "only" would have been the worst landbruksåret in living memory, was instead a crisis far beyond emergency preparedness. And then Bardufoss 17. July measured 33.5 new degrees, well north of the arctic Circle, was much noticed around the world.Consensus for nervedrama a day in the sun
the hurricane season in the united STATES was again the theme in all the Norwegian media, with powerful, fast-growing and slow-moving storms that did major damage. The same was the many skogbrannene in California, as one by one beat the record for largest area burned.
Less coverage in Norway got a week with ekstremregn in Japan in June, which triggered disastrous leirras. 200 dead and 10,000 damaged houses in one of the world's best prepared countries. Then came an extreme heat wave the same place, where a further 80 people died. And then there was algeoppblomstringen in Finnish lakes that made the water toxic for both humans and animals. And it marerittaktige a day 25.-26. June in Oman, when the lowest temperature in the middle of the night was 42.6 degrees. And so on.
the World over, the year was characterized of just the same as we saw in Norway in July: the Weather went in the same direction as a changed climate, and there was so extreme conditions that it went out over the people and society. Climate change took life in 2018 – and that by only one degree of global warming.- the Grandchildren will not forgive us
2018 also brought a real awakens at the future. In October delivered the Un intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) of a report on the consequences of a 1.5-degree warming. The half degree extra turns out to mean more than some had thought. Doing the same for the next half, which takes us up to the Parisavtalens togradersmål. And despite the fact that the printed rule book is now adopted, in Katowice in Poland, there are no signs of the increased ambitions need to keep a 1.5-gradersmål. Or a togradersmål, for the part.
the World is still on a steady course toward the three degrees and well as the by 2100, with consequences no one even overskuer.
at the end of the year came to the very last message we needed to get: Emissions of CO₂ is still growing, with over 2 per cent in 2018.
Again we have set the collective world record in climate change. Never before we have warmed the oceans, melted the glaciers, reinforced ekstremregnet, increased hetebølgene and created so much trouble for the ecosystem, as we did in 2018. Never before have we taken such a long step away from where we want to be.More flee because of climate change than war. So why is not the outer right concerned? Comment
at the same time, it happens a lot, the world over, which will affect emissions in the years to come.
In Washington continued Trump administration in 2018 its dismantling of previous measures to reduce emissions. In Brazil, it was selected a president who would like additional logging of the rain forests; especially disturbing since the IPCC in 2018 also notified of the importance of forest management and planting karbonopptak, and the Un Naturpanel (IPBES) emphasized the need for increased forest protection in order to preserve biological diversity.
But at the same time announced that California – the world's fifth largest economy – that they will work for carbon neutrality all in 2045. Renewable energy also continued to grow, both in availability and use.
No one knows what the climate we are heading towards. Thus, we do risk assessments, as the recent report from the klimarisikoutvalget. Which outlined a wide spectrum of impacts climate change will have on Norwegian society and the economy, directly or via effects other places in the world. It reminds us of how the basic dependent we are of that the climate stays exactly like we are used to. In the years to come, we need to cut dramatically the emissions – and at the same time, we must adapt ourselves to a klimahverdag that offers constant new surprises.the Uk is nearing agreement with the EUROPEAN union on the treaty on climate change
So what do we do? My deepest klimadrøm for 2019 is that the global emissions should go down, preferably with several percent, but it's a bit like wanting the moon. Here are three more realistic wish for 2019, which does not in itself change anything but which is important realistic step of the way:
The first is that we can focus on the more than the consequences of climate change. 2019 starts probably with an El Nino in the Pacific ocean, and the imminent chance of a new disastrous ekstremhendelser and rekordtemperaturer. But they must not get to dominate the news. We must also follow the global economy, and what it tells us about the emissions, they are not down all in January, we have more to take again in February.
the Challenge is that no one delivers these reports on a monthly basis, so meteorologists do for weather and wind. Scientists need to be better to report, and the media and politicians need to begin to ask.
The other is that the concept of climate risks should slide into every nook and cranny of the Norwegian government. Climate is the average of thirty years with the weather, and we have not nearly had thirty years of a degree warming. Surprises come, and the better prepared we are, the less the damage.
There are local elections in 2019. We must vote for politicians who have understood the seriousness, no matter where they belong to in the color spectrum.
My third wish is all about the role of Norway, in a world that is desperately attempting to find his way out of a common impasse. Yet no one on the right track, and no one know either how to get us there.
For a lot of countries are going local challenges far ahead of the global climate in the queue. Norway on the other hand, with our high technological expertise, our solid economy and our international finansmuskler, is among the few who can afford to keep their heads above water. We solve the climate crisis alone, but we can contribute heavily to, for example, the development of technological solutions that amounts to.