The German-Russian Nord Stream gas pipeline 2 can be further built. Their use must, however, be changed significantly. The Russian group Gazprom will not, as previously planned, both the Gas supply and the Pipeline may operate. And the operator of the Pipeline must allow competing Gas suppliers, access and management.
these are the consequences of the agreement reached in Brussels between representatives of the EU Commission, the European Parliament and the European Council (the body of the national governments of the EU member States) in the night to Wednesday.
At the heart of the decision is that the European Gas Directive, not only within the EU but also on the Pipelines that come from outside the EU, such as Nord Stream from Russia to Germany. In accordance with the requirements of the Directive, the supply of gas and the control of the transport path must be in different hands, to prevent concentration of Power.
This is a serious political setback for the Federal government, says the green MEP Reinhard Bütikofer to the daily mirror. "European energy law will corners on Nord Stream 2 only. This is a defeat for Berlin." Because the Federal government wanted to prevent more stringent conditions for the Pipeline.
The EU to help Berlin, but to save face. In the case of the agreements, such as the Directive in a concrete case is applied, the country of the negotiation, in which the Pipeline reaches the EU. In the case of Nord Stream, that would be Germany. "This is a relative success for Germany," says Bütikofer. "The Commission would have the conduct of the negotiations, that would be unpleasant for Russia". And, thus, also for Berlin.
However, the "Berlin must now negotiate on the Basis of the European Energy legislation, with Gazprom, and is subject to the supervision of the Commission," stresses Bütikofer. After the decision in Brussels, the EU has to approve the Commission the results of the negotiations. So she has the last word. Germany and Russia can only. agreements to Nord Stream meeting, which will also agree to the Commission
Germany could, for example, try to negotiate for the "Unbundling" - the separation of gas supply and operation of the Pipeline, "a softer version", says Bütikofer. "But it cannot ignore the requirement of separation."
Open issues for Gazprom and Trump
Whether Gazprom will build the Pipeline under these conditions so further as previously planned, from Bütikofers point of view, is now an open question. In addition, the threats of Sanctions by the US President Donald Trump against the companies involved in Nord Stream, "on the table".
EU climate Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete said the agreement in Brussels: "This is a big progress towards a more integrated internal market in Gas, based on solidarity and trust, and the European Commission. Europe closes loopholes in its legal framework." Anyone who wants to sell natural gas in the EU, must comply with the European energy rules.
The green MEP Rebecca Harms is highly satisfied. "Also, Gazprom will have to in the future, in line with European rules. The natural gas production and the operation of new Pipelines must not be in one Hand." The Federal government should accept that finally. "You must not try longer to obtain the Nord Stream 2 to the European rules in the past. She has already smashed enough porcelain to this project to enforce against the will and against the security interests of many EU member States”, said Harms.More about
Nord Stream gas pipeline 2 If Macron against MerkelChristoph von Marschall
The EU Commission had called for the tightening of the Gas Directive, since November 2017, the European Parliament in April 2018. To power the Trialogue negotiations between the two institutions with the third centre, the European Council, it came only now because the Federal government had prevented the European Council from. She left the Blockade on the support of France. Last Friday, Emmanuel Macron but changed his attitude and allowed the Council refers the dispute in the Trialogue negotiations.