the Commission's proposal means, in brief, to Sweden in the face of what is called reduktionsplikt for the flight. It means that those who sell fuel requirements to reduce emissions by a certain proportion, by mixing in biofuels. The idea is that it then becomes profitable for companies to choose a fuel with good environmental performance, for example, instead of palm oil, which has a bad effect.
But biofuels will not solve all the aviation problems.
– You will have a significantly smaller carbon footprint. But you will never down to zero as long as man uses resources, " says Maria Wetterstrand, which is the government's special investigator on policy instruments to reduce emissions from the flights.
the availability of biofuels is limited, and that it will take time to boost production.
Therefore propose the inquiry to reduktionsplikten will be fairly limited during the first few years – a reduction of emissions from about 1 to about 5 percent by the year 2025. The great effect on carbon dioxide emissions will appear forward to in the year 2030. Its emissions may reduce by 25-30 per cent.
– part will find that our proposal is mesigt. But it is about the lack of availability of biofuels and the time we estimate it will take to get volumes up. We do not want to impose requirements that it is not possible to live up to, " says Maria Wetterstrand.
with that Sweden unilaterally in the face of demands for emission reductions. In particular, can the airlines choose to fill up elsewhere.
– When you raise the inblandningsnivån forward to 2030, so you have to be vigilant and have a discussion with the industry. In particular, if the airlines choose to carry a lot of extra fuel to avoid having to refuel in Sweden. Then the emissions will increase because there will be a heavier aircraft, so it is very bad from a climate point of view, " says Maria Wetterstrand.
She thinks, however, that she has met a commitment in the airline industry.
" the Airlines realize that they can't get away from this issue. They need to be in this transition in a stronger way than they have been so far. They feel a pressure from its own employees and from corporate customers and private customers. And very little talking to the flight can be set on by itself, " she says.
Since biofuels are more expensive than fossil fuels, the costs for airlines to increase slightly, which can affect the ticket prices. If the entire cost of the price increase is added on the ticket price (expect the investigation to an intercontinental flight increases in price with 250 crowns in the year 2030. For domestic trips and travel within Europe will be the increase in the price lower than that.
the Investigation does not evaluate to höghöjdseffekten affected by the biofuel.
On Saturday you can read a great interview with Maria Wetterstrand in the DN:s lördagsmagasin.