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Munich security conference : The puzzle pieces of the world order

Three days of road closures in the centre of a major German city, 4400 police officers in the use of several millions of euros of taxpayers ' money for the support of the conference, travel services, safety precautions and much more. And what the 55 has. Munich security conference, a measurable result? The Ukraine, Syria or Yemen are the peace-closer than before? The climate policy or the fight against the root causes of refugee in Africa will now be more effective? The earth is safer or more peaceful than before?

host Wolfgang Ischinger drew a bitter balance sheet: "Some of the guests came here, the pieces of the puzzle in the world restore order, but to break them into even smaller parts." The agreed rules would be today, "needs more protection from dictators miss as to the protection of the people". Positive counter-examples are rare, such as the agreement in the name dispute between Greece and Macedonia. The government received the heads of Alexis Tsipras and Zoran Zaev on Saturday evening the Ewald Kleist-prize.

Immediately after that, the Benefits cannot be measure, say German members of the government. But without the conversations between the counterparties to the international politics, the situation would be even worse. For good reason, each year want to come more heads of state and government to Munich, Germany, 30 were in 2019, and 80 Foreign and defence Ministers. "Munich every year to the stage of world politics", says the managing Director of an international advertising Agency. "The security conference, a German brand, and a priceless image boost for Germany." Participants compare the Meeting with the Check-up at the doctor: blood pressure measure. Changes in health status. To investigate whether disease progression or on the path of healing. the what is ...

... the world order?

for decades, the United States as a Single and on their Alliance with Europe, the international policy dominates. This dominance eroded every year, especially by the rise of China. Russia is losing influence. America has a comparative advantage: It allies. China and Russia can not say. But this advantage of the government Trump is aware of? It is often unilateral, involves the allies to little, provides you with a fait accompli and expected to consent to, complain to the Europeans. The appearance of U.S. Vice-President Mike Pence many "arrogant-proclaimed".

... multilateralism?

The Controversy between the multi-laterali most who believe in the Benefits of a rule-based international order, and Unilaterali, in the pursuit of national interests also against the rules agreed to take. One must of course distinguish between those Multi - or unilateralism propagate, and those who act like that, says Cameron Munter, President of the East-West Institute in New York. "Angela Merkel preached in Munich, multilateralism and believes in it. Mike Pence preached unilateralism and believe in it. The Chinese Yang Jiechi was preaching multilateralism, believes not. (Beijing is relying on the rules where it benefits them, and ignores them but where they will harm his interests.) The Russian, Sergei Lavrov, preaching unilateralism, does not believe in it.“ Russia was too weak to have a confrontation with China or America to see it through.

... the Cohesion of the West?

it was Striking how prominent speakers from China, Russia, and Iran to drive a wedge between Europe and America tried. Have you done even earlier. But because of the tensions in the West, the resonance is greater today. Merkel complained about American threats with car duties. Pence gave the Europeans the instructions, as you should in the dispute over the Nord Stream gas pipeline 2, and the Iran sanctions to behavior. Yang praised China as a Partner, the wool will continue to enforce the multilateralism with Europe against the USA. Lavrov, the EU tried to bait with the offer of a common economic zone from Lisbon to Vladivostok. Iran's foreign Minister Zarif wants to save Europe, the nuclear deal against the United States.

... the German-American relationship?

"The relations between the governments will be even more difficult," says Norbert Röttgen (CDU), Chairman of the foreign Affairs Committee in the Bundestag. "Positive is the record number of members of Congress in Munich. There is an America that is interested in the Alliance.“ In many rounds of talks in Munich, Democrats and Republicans had declared that they were to Europe, to Nato, to the security guarantee. If Trump point of the Nato in question there would be "an Outcry in America". Obama's Vice President Joe Biden said, with a view to the election of 2020: "We will be back!"

... dealing with China?

Beijing is the primary beneficiary of the dispute between Europe and America. "China and Russia are in Munich to good," says the Dutch MEP Marietje Schaake (Liberal). "The EU must agree on a China strategy." In the trade and copyright Europe must defend its interests against China harder, calls Stefan Mair from the Federation of German industry.

... the way to deal with Russia?

Russia had been isolated by the annexation of the Crimea, the war in Ukraine, and cyber attacks to manipulate Western elections, to a large extent. The transatlantic dispute also helps Moscow. It has a high false - and destructive potential, but is not capable of making a constructive exercise. In Munich, no one believed that Russia and Turkey Syria can make peace. Moscow has only "Hard Power", it is the "Soft Power" is missing.

... Europe?

Europe's Power in the world is far below its economic potential. The EU agrees to a rare on common positions. The military is a dwarf. "Soft Power" is not enough alone.

... the Middle East?

The Palestinian conflict does not stand up to 2019 on the agenda. Syria has no peace perspective. The rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran, civil wars, fuelled, for example in the Yemen.

... the importance of nuclear weapons?

for 30 years they were a non-issue. Suddenly you play a role again. Disarmament treaties between the USA and Russia. There are new nuclear powers are not bound by them, particularly China. The United States and Russia that limits and prohibitions also apply to China. Beijing rejects that. This development is threatening the security of Europe. In Germany, experts are missing but, because nuclear weapons were, for 30 years. "In all parties, we must obtain more knowledge of the subject," warns green MEP Reinhard Bütikofer.

... the security of the data?

More about

Munich security conference Germany is in the word

Stephan-Andreas Casdorff

In the debate over whether the Chinese company Huawei, the technology for the mobile network must provide 5 G, is cleaved by the Federal government. The Federal Foreign office and the intelligence services due to security concerns, however, was to be heard in Munich. The Chancellery and the Ministry of economy to allow Huawei. Norbert Röttgen requires firm principles: "The access of foreign governments, and particularly of their intelligence services in Germany operating power plant equipment supplier must be excluded. This relates both to the legal situation in the other country, as well as the power relationship between the country and the company.“ These principles would Huawei exclude.

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