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Men's economic policy : Why are women a minority in the parliaments?

In Germany, governed by a Chancellor, and each party, with the exception of the FDP and the CSU is led by a woman. Currently, it looks like you could move in af

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Men's economic policy : Why are women a minority in the parliaments?

In Germany, governed by a Chancellor, and each party, with the exception of the FDP and the CSU is led by a woman. Currently, it looks like you could move in after Angela Merkel, a woman in the Chancellery. Nevertheless, women are under-represented in German politics to, in the Federal government, the länder and the municipalities.

How large is the proportion of women in politics?

In the Bundestag, the proportion of women declined after the election in 2017 even: Only 30.9 percent of the deputies are women. Thus, Germany is the world's number 45. While the Greens (58 per cent) and the Left (54 percent), women make up the majority of the members of Parliament and the SPD parliamentary group on the proportion of women is 42 percent, represents the women members in the parliamentary groups of the FDP (24 percent) and Union (20 percent). Tail light is the AfD group, with a female share of eleven percent.

In the national parliaments shows a similar picture, only a few land days to have a female share of more than a third. At the top of Thuringia (40.6 percent). In contrast, black-governed Baden-Württemberg, of all places, in the green, only 26.6 percent of the members of Parliament are female.

At the municipal level, the share of the policy is still much lower than in most States. Of the mandates in the County councils or the municipal councils of major cities were on average, only 27 percent of women. This imbalance appears to in rural regions is significantly higher than in the cities. Even more dramatic is the Lack of women in the mayor's offices is: Only every tenth town hall, a woman ruled.

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order Why it attracts significantly fewer women than men in politics?

Occasionally it is, for many women, interest in policy is less pronounced than in men. But already a glance at the data on turnout shows that this Thesis is little to be meaningful. Because in the case of municipal, state and Federal elections in the voter turnout of men and women no large differences.

However, women are much less in the parties: within the CDU, three-quarters of the members are men, with the CSU and the FDP, only every fifth member is a woman. The lowest proportion of women, the AfD, with 17 percent. However, even in the case of the Green men are about 60 percent very clearly in the majority, the Left and the SPD, their share is even higher.

It is also not the case that women are less active in an honorary capacity. A study by the Federal Ministry for family Affairs, to voluntary commitment, however, shows that significantly more men deal with in their leisure time, with policy and political advocacy, while women engage more in their child's school or in the social field. At this point, a traditional distribution of roles in the game apparently, especially in rural regions.

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A mandate in the city Council or district Council is a volunteer, for this must be found in addition to work and family time. Sessions usually start in the early evening and can take several hours. Committees and meetings of the local of his own party, are fast several nights per week for the volunteers scheduled.

In the borough Assembly of Berlin-Mitte, the Left-politician Anett Vietzke resigned in February its mandate. "Families and care work, professional activity and local political activities, for me, are compatible," she said to justification.

What are the reasons, and how women experience the political business?

The European Academy for women in politics and business (EAF) interviewed a few years ago, more than 1,000 Municipal politicians. To the question, what don't you like me, showed 57 per cent dissatisfied with the political culture. They reported "grave struggle", of "profiling," and "cronyism" and criticized that the political work is often oriented to little thing. Also, the processes of the meetings, as well as the culture of discussion have been reviewed by many local policy makers, are critical: they complained, for example, "endless discussions" and "monologue-like lectures," the study of the Berlin-based EAF.

"Many women experience in local politics, at a disadvantage. This can more or less happen to be open,“ says the political scientist Helga Lukoschat, the Chairman of the EAF in Berlin. For example, you would automatically be assigned to topics such as family and school, while the men in the transport or construction sit. "A devaluation of women can also show how often you come to meetings or be interrupted."

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in Addition, three-quarters of the respondents, the Mayor said, other expectations would be directed as to the men. "These women have the impression that you would have to be better than their male counterparts to achieve the Same." Also, her Appearance, her personal life and her appearance would much judged more strictly.

Stricter judgments of women cases, and occasionally about themselves. A top politician in Berlin, is told, if a woman will be invited in a talk show, think about it first, whether it was at all competent enough for the topic. "You will not experience in men." After the performance, she wondered if she was well enough prepared, and whether she has presented her arguments convincing.

What should be done to increase the proportion of women in politics?

The SPD wants it, the CDU and the FDP want to do it, and the CSU wants to it somehow: their parties to be "female". Because, in the meantime, the parties have identified that a low proportion of women could be at a competitive disadvantage. More women in leadership positions, parity, double-peaks in the local called a and Mentoring programs as a potential steps.

However, according to experts, the largely lip-service. "The parties have not recognized the seriousness of the situation," says the political scientist Lukoschat. "You would have to run a clever promotion of young people and appropriate women specifically targeted." Because two-thirds of the active municipal policy stated in the survey, not to the idea of the candidacy, but to have a knock – on from the outside to obtain from politicians or from the environment.

at the same time would have to be changed by men over the decades, embossed structures, calls for Lukoschat. "We need to make the municipal political Engagement more attractive." Other session times, offers for childcare and a waiver of "back-room politics were". Not only the women but also the men could benefit from it. to increase

the proportion of women in the national parliaments and in the Bundestag, is currently under discussion in Germany about parity laws. Brandenburg has decided in January, a law, the parties are obliged to, in the case of state elections as many women as men on their lists. In Berlin there are similar Considerations.

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however, if you want to increase in the long term, the proportion of women in politics must also be applied where there is a lot of political careers are launched: in the municipalities and in the local organisations of the parties.

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