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Martin Liby Troein: Alan García, was a symbol of the shift that made Peru an exception

They are all the same. I don't know how many times the ordinary people have chosen those words to describe the Latin american politicians for me, during my tra

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Martin Liby Troein: Alan García, was a symbol of the shift that made Peru an exception

They are all the same. I don't know how many times the ordinary people have chosen those words to describe the Latin american politicians for me, during my travels in the region. What they are referring to is corruption. How politicians regardless of partifärg just seems to want to grab.

I could not help but think of the description when the news came that The korruptionsanklagade expresident Alan Garcia decided to take his own life when police knocked on his door.

in Peru, it is easy to take the words for truth. It is not just García, who is being investigated for taking bribes – the same applies to his predecessor, Alejandro Toledo, as well as his two successors, Ollanta Humala and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.

of politicians of the same scrap and barley, however, had a further significance during the last 15 years, unlike in many other Latin american countries.

The four expresidenterna were each other's rivals for power, with a different ideological profile. Sakpolitiskt it was, however, about differences in degree, not nature. They all accepted the market economy principles and were careful with spending. The experiments did not materialize, regardless of who was elected.

this was not the case in Argentina, Ecuador and Venezuela during the same period. Where you had to choose between the candidates who wanted to have ”a new economic model and those who want to defend the old. Voters chose the former.

has proved to be a recipe for success: from 2001 to 2017 and average country growth of 5 per cent per year, while the share of population living in poverty fell from 60 to 20 per cent.

That good prospects can be lost in the political experimentverkstaden is a workshop that is just Argentina, Ecuador and, in particular, Venezuela evidence.

Certainly benefited from the García & Co of high commodity prices. But such good conditions can be lost in the political experimentverkstaden is a workshop that is just Argentina, Ecuador and, in particular, Venezuela evidence.

high in the peruvian policy over the past 15 years was the real konfliktnivån thus relatively low. The sakpolitiska the battle was brought within commonly accepted frameworks.

it has not always been in Peru. If it is just Alan García, a reminder. He was not only president 2006-2011, but also 1985 and 1990. Above all, he was for nearly 40 years APRA's undisputed leader.

APRA belongs to a family of parties which can most easily described as Latin america's response to Europe's social democracy. With its base in the labor movement strove from the 1930s and onwards, after economic redistribution, but with a more radical program and a type of cult of personality that has been missing in their counterpart on this side of the Atlantic.

originally the revolution. The property would be expropriated. The party scared the kind of Peru's elite, was banned and persecuted for long periods of time. The founder Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre – who led the party in half a century until his death in 1979 – was worshipped almost as a god by the followers.

the President, he was however never. Instead, Alan García, the chance to put APRA's promises into practical policies. During his time in power between 1985 and 1990 he stopped the payment of instalments on Peru's sovereign debt, tried to nationalise the banks and turned in and out of the public purse. The result was 7 000 percent inflation. The country nearly fell apart.

duggade mussolini " s actions followed closely in Latin america, including in Peru. They did it at the same time as the economic development was quite good baffled many. Democracy was expected to get a firmer foothold when the countries became richer.

The lower sakpolitiska konfliktnivån has definitely made Peru's democracy good.

According to harvard professor Scott Mainwaring it was because the political elites radicalised. Revolutionary claims on the redistribution from the left-generated fear of the right, who did not hesitate to turn to the military to seek protection. Without commonly accepted limits for what you got use to the power to vanished the loyalty to democracy.

konfliktnivån has definitely made Peru's democracy good. By contributing to the offsetting Alan García in part for the disaster that was his first term in office.

Corruption then? Widespread and harmful are the. But the investigations of the four expresidenterna is not primarily a sign that it has gotten worse, but on a justice system that has become more independent. It reduces the possibilities for future politicians to sabotage in a way.

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