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Foreigners have been subject to hate crimes have decreased markedly in finland, the researcher found this at least three reasons

hate crimes have decreased in Finland clearly. During the past year, police recorded a total of 910 police report suspected hate crimes.

This is 22% less than in the previous year.

find out the police university of applied sciences from the fresh review. The material used for the same year reported data.

the Largest part, i.e. 70% of hate crimes of reported crime was related to ethnic or national background. The next most common is, that the criminal suspect against the victim's religious background, or sexual orientation.

a hate crime is not directly found in the Finnish legislation. The criminal code penalty of the aggravating circumstance as it is, however, taken account of acts of racist or other hate motive.

Researcher Jenite Iron examines the hate crime prevalence. Jani Aarnio / Yle

a hate crime is defined in the report, for example, a person, a group, or property crimes, which are prejudices or hostility to the victim's perceived or actual ethnic or national background, religion or belief, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or disability toward.

Research found three reasons

police college of finland research Jenite Iron is the author of Police information on hate crime in Finland to 2018 -survey.

Police reported hate crimes have declined, as the statistics can see.Jani Aarnio / Yle

the statement on the basis of no Iron to be able to directly respond to it, why hate crimes have decreased.

police report the number of affect the researcher according to the first people's vulnerability to report suspected crimes to the police. Hate crimes may not always be indicated.

– Reason to be unreported hate crimes to the police related to the more general mistrust towards the authorities, hate crime, banality, fear and uncertainty and need for support.

When hate crimes are reported and discussed in social media, it can in turn facilitate the notification.

the number of Asylum seekers affected

Also, police resources affect the recorded crime message to the number. What matters is how the police will be able to invest in hate crime research and detection.

In 2017 hate crime growth explained according to the researcher, in large part to the fact that the Helsinki police department, acting with the hate speech investigation, the group recorded ethnic agitation cases.

Now these crimes recorded crime reports decreased third of the previous year's amount.

the Third explanatory factor can be found in asylum seekers fell on the amount.

In 2018 Finland was left 4 548 asylum applications, clear the immigration agency by the statistics (you move to another service). In the previous years asylum seekers were more than 5 000.

the Typical victim of an iraqi man

Relatively speaking, most hate crimes are suffering to the Iraqi citizens. The next most commonly being a victim of crime in the Afghan and Somali citizens.

instead, the Finnish major groups, estonians and russians, against considerably fewer crimes.

the vast Majority of hate crime victims were men. In a third case, a hate crime victim was a woman.

hate crime suspect factor is often familiar. Jani Aarnio / Yle

Women have more generally an honor to insult the target, while the man will most commonly assault the victim.

the Suspects, 87% were Finnish citizens and 75% of Finland born.

in Helsinki was recorded in 27% of all suspected hate crime notifications. If a hate crime the number of notifications is proportional to the municipality population, more than 11 000 inhabitants of the municipality of Lieksa rises in Helsinki over.

Central Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Kainuu and North Karelia was made a hate crime notifications more in relation to how much the province is inhabited by foreign nationals. In uusimaa, Varsinais-Suomi and Pirkanmaa, in turn, was made a hate crime notifications quantitatively more than in other provinces.

sexual crimes increased

hate crime victims were most commonly aged 15-34-year-olds, the least among them was under 15 years of age and over 55 years of age.

in the Younger age groups perceived more gender-related hate speech and violence.

In 2018 the police 73 police report, which was suspected to be due to sexual orientation, gender identity or deviant gender expression. This is the 13 cases, or 22 per cent more than in the previous year.

most commonly, these crimes took place in a bar, restaurant or dance place.

Why are these becoming more common, although hate crimes decreased?

– for Different reference groups subjects often has a different threshold to report their experience of victimisation to the police. Sexual orientation-related hate crimes increase can, in part, due to this group's willingness to report suspected crimes to the police, Jenite Iron said.

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