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Finland has thousands of super-rich – a Large part of the rich living on dividends and other capital income the average income of taxes

the late 60's song 20 from a rich family miss the update in Finland.

When the song was done in Finland, it was widely as well as income of that tax period of growth. Income is also distributed more from the rich to the poorest.

Ahlströmien, ehrnroothit I Donnerien, von Julinien, Virkkusten, Erkkojen and alongside others, or has been replaced by new names, such as Siilasmaa, and Kodisoja.

Income and wealth study according to which names are no longer sufficient to describe the situation in which the 90 these days in Finland has been running. Finland is born of several thousand people, whose income and wealth development is the detachment of the other finns.

It is Finland's rich, which is about 50 000. Among these can be found them a new song names. Here, among stands out about 5 000 super-rich set, whose income development is public data, left to their own paths. They live largely on capital income.

There move in a totally different floors, when talking about the top one percent of taxpayers and even more, if you go to the top mg. There, the income composition is very, very different, pictures of the professor Matti Tuomala from the university of Tampere change.

the Tax burden on capital income the increase in

an Economics professor Matti Tuomala keep the Finnish tax as the biggest drawback remains the fact that the average tax burden can be reduced by transferring income chargeable to tax capital revenue. This has led to the fact that the capital tax revenue has grown Tuomala, according to income tax expense.

the capital tax and the dividend tax is in relation to the lower tax base than the wage tax. It has led to the fact that the ' 90s onwards, revenue has increasingly been delegated to joint stock companies and any holding companies. In addition, a solvent exchange with outside companies owners have the opportunity to raise large sums of money tax-free dividend income of the company. Also, the wealth tax was removed in Finland over 10 years ago.

tuomala of the research team according to the most richest tax cuts in the ratio, the more capital income is total revenue. The difference illustrates the fact that most of the richest percent of the average tax burden is, according to surveys, been a long time clearly lower than the other income of the top decile in.

the tax Rate has however soared in 2011 and is now an average of about 35%. The tax rate corresponds to the time close to the average income tax.

Mikko Airikka / Yle

– Our tax system is quite special for the reason that the tax burden is determined largely according to how is the revenue composition.

Only a very small number of taxpayers have the opportunity to influence tax whether income earnings or capital revenue. The possibility of strikes Tuomala, according to the general perception that income inequality had not grown up in the ' 90s with the exception of Finland. Tuomala says a key reason for continuing development is the so-called income to convert the opportunity to the very rich.

the Income growth has been complemented with the phenomenon that as well as all the richer that the poorest people have more of the same from one year to another.

Rupture applies to a small slice of all taxable

Rupture of the taxpayer population has been fairly small group. Tuomala says the difference is not yet reflected in the income of the best one-tenth of one other than the very top. Income of the top decile gets about 70 000 average income.

Tuomala stressed that the stock market trade outside the so-called unlisted companies are very fragmented group. For some, wealth is on your computer and smartphone level, while for some enterprises have accumulated plenty of wealth, long before the period.

the average figures tell professor Tuomala, according to a clear development, what's happened to the top percent within the group, for example, wealth for. Mikko Airikka / Yle

the Professor Tuomala is concerned about the development, with the current taxation encourages the rich to increase their capital or to invest in, say, new equipment or products.

It is preferred by the placement of the actual business in terms of secondary issues, such as real estate and securities.

This is paid attention to, inter alia, the ministry of finance, tax working group (move to another service). The investment rate has further decreased in recent years in Finland.

capital income growth should take a wider tax rates

the Professor tuomala, according to the personal income tax should return to progressive income taxation. Tax rates should continue to take account of total revenue which would be involved in wage and capital income. Tuomala model in at least the capital income tax, possibly, be exalted.

Taxes progressive rise according to income now applies to state taxation through 10% of the total revenue.

Finnish entrepreneurs, chief economist at the Matti Houses according to the tax problem does not currently have it, that a small group because of the fiscal priorities changed. The rift in the background is the Houses according to more general economic development both in Finland and in the world.

I see this on the upside it that this is not just old money resides, but society is innovative and ahkerilla people the opportunity to advance in income and wealth in mind really well forward, the Houses encourage.

Houses view according to the Finnish richest among the leaders has become in recent years a whole new name, especially it experts.

entry tip of the break may be yet more clearly

Tuomala quote in his book the Market, the state & inequality in the other nordic countries to do research, according to which the rich have a tendency to tax evasion. The prestigious economic publications in raised in the study (move to another service) has been reviewed, inter alia, the Panama paper-known as information leakage. On their basis the researchers concluded that the most wealthy per mil evade taxes many ten times more than the general personal taxes are concerned.

tax evasion is Tuomala, according to one example of the fact that due to missing data, evaluation of income inequality evolution in finland, the share of low. Similar tax evasion investigation is not done in Finland.

in addition to The wealth comparison is more difficult than the revenue comparison. Tuomala according to the estimate of wealth is hiding a significant amount of a variety of management companies in addition to insurance crust (you move to another service).

see also:

the Poor seem to become poorer and the rich richer: The calculations reveal income inequality to grow

the wealth gap is growing – the richest ten owns almost half of the finns, of all the property

Asta Alder's column: the Poor-a piece of everyday life is invisible to the Finnish prosperous for the majority

Joona-Hermanni Mäkinen column: Finland could increase their tax revenue 1500 million per year without raising taxes at all

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