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Erik de la Reguera: the EU has tried to keep the migrants away for decades

More than 3,000 men, women and children are currently incarcerated in the camps, only a few kilometres from the front line outside of Tripoli in Libya. Bombs and grenades hit the daily down within sight.

" The last few weeks, we have had intense shelling with mortar shells and airstrikes. Guards abandoning often the migrants locked up, and sometimes they are completely without food for several days, " says Craig Kenzie, who leads msf's operation in Tripoli.

in the official refugee camps there båtflyktingar passed since they stopped in the Mediterranean.

– the Situation of migrants here is in the highest degree a consequence of the EU policy, whose intention is to stop anyone who wants to get to Europe to seek asylum or just a better life, " says Craig Kenzie to DN.

in Addition to the refugees that msf is working with are tens of thousands of undocumented migrants in this country, which is currently shaken by the war between the warlord Khalifa Haftar and a coalition government in Tripoli.

Libya is something of a hell on earth for migrants. A hell which is just 50 miles from the EU coastline

the camp, where they blackmailed and subjected to torture and sexual violence by criminal groups.

Libya is something of a hell on earth for migrants. A hell which is just 50 miles from the EU coastline.

Hjälporganisationers ships have effectively been banned from working in the waters off Libya. The migrants still trying to cross the Mediterranean be stopped by the libyan coastguard, which receives millions in EU aid- even though it is accused of serious abuses and ties to various militias.

notice, however, no indignation. On the contrary it provides a lot of politicians the impression to be relieved to fewer rises in the country.

for the EUROPEAN elections, you hear mainly the högernationalister who want even tougher measures, and blocking any attempt to agreement on asylum policy, as Victor Orban in Hungary or Matteo Salvini in Italy.

it has not always been.

After the second world war, Europe was relatively open to immigration. Countries such as the Uk and France took tens of thousands of guest workers from old colonies, which then was built up the prosperity of Western europe.

Read more: the Dream of Europe is stuck in a refugee camp,

the EU has in more than 30 years has had a clear strategy: to keep migrants and refugees at so great a distance as possible Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

the crisis in the 1970s intensified, however, the visa regime, and immigration came mainly to be about the recipient.

Morally and legally were asylum seekers difficult to say no to. But when the UN refugee convention in the first place comes when asylsökaren puts his foot on the territory of a state, began today's EU countries gradually make it more difficult for asylum seekers to take up.

Since the 1990s, it has been expressed in:

■ Transportörsansvar for airlines and shipping companies. Fines and requirements on paid return of rejected refugees, supported by new databases.

■ ”Buffer zones” around the EU. Transit offered money and training in exchange to stop the migrants. Often in cooperation with the EU border police, Frontex.

■ Återföringsavtal, which makes it possible to send back migrants to countries of transit or the country of origin.

the money – and because the charge on immigration in the EU is so obvious, the price has begun to rise.

in 2006, when Spain signed a cooperation and återföringsavtal with Senegal, the price was eur 20 million.

in 2016, when the EU wanted Turkey's help to stop the flow of refugees from Syria, became the price of six billion euros. In it was included to take care of the 3.5 million refugees who were already in Turkey.

For each ruttändring, the risks have a tendency to increase for those who this is really about: the people who are fleeing from war, poverty and persecution,

long a lucrative agreement with the EU, with Gaddafi as the supreme gatekeeper. But when Nato and, not least, the EU-the country of France supported the uprising against the dictator in 2011, fell to cooperation together.

the Official was the reason behind humanitarian concerns and human rights. In the background, there were also other motives, which Libya's oil wealth and the French domestic political interests to rid itself of Gaddafi, who is suspected of having sponsored the Nicolas Sarkozy's presidential campaign.

When the dictator was dead, there was no longer any centre to cooperate with. The chaos and civil war that raged since then gave the refugee smugglers a new route. When the EU closed the door to Libya with a bang this year, got the other consequences – such as those we see now on the outskirts of Tripoli.

UNHCR is about to 68.5 million people displaced in the world today, which is the highest figure since the second world war.

as long As the demand is there to learn new routes to the EUROPEAN union. Last year was revived in the route from Morocco to Spain, but also the now seems to be on the road to be closed, since Morocco received financial support and the green light to a new agriculture - and fisheries agreements.

But for each ruttändring, the risks have a tendency to increase for those who this is really about: the people who are fleeing war, poverty and persecution.

Read more: Why is now required is pass in the ”borderless” EU

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