Long the Slogan of choice was the legal reformer: The Bundestag must again be smaller. 709 members, such as after the election in 2017, more than 800 mandates that would result now according to the current polls – it's too much. Now has added, not only to women's right to vote anniversary, a second set of The Bundestag is to be female. The Reform has two objectives: fewer members, more women. The SPD has even made a proposal to both guarantee: to reduce the number of constituencies of 299 to 120 – to all of these two circles give mandates, one for a woman, one for a man. Thus, on the one hand, the Overhang and compensation mandates shall be reduced to a Minimum, and at the same time, all the seats must have equal representation. For the lists, a parity law was designed to reach the well.
"Pärität must intentionally be"
The German women's Council, with its 60 member associations, is behind the concerns and demands, to provide for the election of 2021, the possibility that the other half of the mandates to men, to women. "Parity is possible, but it needs to be wanted," says the Association President, Mona Küppers. Women made 51 percent of the population, fair representation should be given in Parliament. For many days, and in the Bundestag, the target will be missed.
"It's back may be equality," said the SPD politician Elke Also directs the Committee of experts parity in parliaments, and policy. She moved in for the first time in 1990 in the Bundestag. At that time, the proportion of women had reached just 20 percent – and both believed in an automatism to parity. However, after 2017, the proportion of women fell by five points to 30.9 percent, not least because of the Men-heaviness of the fractions of the AfD and the FDP. In the land of days the proportion has decreased: In Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria or Saxony - Anhalt, once more, 30 percent. In local parliaments, women make up often, not even a quarter of the representatives of the people.
"white is above average, old, male"
Küppers this inequality is called a "violation of the Constitution in permanence," and cited to Elisabeth Selbert, which resulted in the parliamentary Council in 1949, the equal rights of men and women in article 3 of the basic law. In 1994, the article was added to the sentence that required the state to "promote the actual implementation of equal rights between women and men". The women's Council follows. Because today, Küppers, is know of the Bundestag "still above average, old, male, and Christian-occupied".daily mirror tomorrow location for Free order
For the campaign "More women in the parliaments" has won the Council of women also experienced politicians like the former Minister, Rita Süssmuth (CDU), the Deputy DGB Chairman Elke Hannack, or Ex-Minister of justice, Brigitte Zypries (SPD). Also and your colleagues the time to use the window: The discussions on electoral reform should also be used for the enforcement of equality. The SPD proposal is on the table, Left and Green do not need to be convinced. In the case of the Union's reticence, but German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her successor at the helm of the party, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, have argued for a parity scheme.
voluntary, or rather requirements?
The CDU politician Ingrid Petzold, for many years Chairman of the women's Union in Saxony, that the issue of equal opportunities in the Union is difficult. However, with a view to the parliamentary elections in September show that the patience of the women in the CDU to an end. For the first time, the CDU in Saxony, with a quoted list.
A key question is whether the equality of the electoral system and the state in which a parity law rules or on a voluntary basis. The Council of women-campaign prefers no model, but several proposals for a higher proportion of women. Considering both lists, as well as direct mandates, says Also. One Option would be, to a pure proportional system. Another of the SPD's proposal, which has been brought by the Deputy Chairman of Bundestag Thomas Oppermann in a conversation, and the Minister of justice Katarina Barley it has to be praised.
In the first place, the political will
But it is not easy with the parity, if one is immersed in the Complexities of the system with constituencies and country lists. The Aachen-based election expert and mathematician Sebastian Goderbauer to bear in mind that in the case of a reduction on the 120 constituencies in the Saarland, only one would have, but it will be significantly too large – with a German population of 900,000 with an average size of the constituencies of 600,000 inhabitants. According to the election law, only deviations of up to 25 percent previously allowed. Goderbauer emphasized that we cannot let the country boundaries, if you stay in the previous electoral system, such as in the SPD proposal. "In the selection of a constituency must be paid to the population shares of the provinces," he says.
A second point is that lists can be the principle of equal representation, but not necessarily to joint groups. In the case of odd Mandate a priority for a gender is necessarily. This should balance out, although in the case of a Federal election nationwide, in a way, but in 16 countries and currently has six parliamentary parties (the CDU and the CSU, a summary of) results in a certain distortion of the potential.More about
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Elke Also says, important is the political will to be first, then you can also get a Constitution legally water-tight solution. She is now hoping for a überfraktionelle Initiative in the Bundestag.