the World's consumption of alcohol has increased by ten per cent since 1990, from an average of 5.9 to 6.5 litres of pure alcohol per adult person and year, according to a new study published in the medical journal the Lancet. The latter figure corresponds to approximately a 33-centilitersflaska medium-strength beer a day.
It is primarily the large countries rapidly increased their wealth during the period, which pushed on the increase, not least in China. In Europe and north America, on the other hand, reduces drinking.
– the Pattern has changed drastically with the large reductions in Eastern europe and large increases in middle-income countries such as China, India and Vietnam, " says Jakob Manthey, a researcher in clinical psychology in Dresden, Germany, and one of the report's lead author, to The Guardian.
, a sjuttioprocentig increase since 1990. It is still lower than in, for example, the united states (10) France (12), but with the current trend, China has overtaken the united states in just over a decade.
In India, the average is 6 liters, which is a doubling since 1990, and scientists believe that there will be a further 50% increase in the where by 2030.
It can differ greatly between the sexes. In France, the drink, the men an average of 19 litres of pure alcohol per person per year, while the women only drink 6 liters. In the united states, the figures are 15 for men and 4.5 for women and in China, 11 and 3, respectively.
most of you drink in the republic of Moldova, 15 litres per person per year, and least of all in Kuwait with less than 0,005 liters, writes the Süddeutsche Zeitung.
most of the alcohol consumed, almost half, is in the form of hard liquor.
with a further 17% by the year 2030. Half of all adults will drink alcohol (today it is 47 per cent), and almost a quarter will drink themselves drunk at least once a month (today it is about one-fifth).
According to the study, the trend in opposite to the UN target of reducing the harmful consumption of alcohol.
the Authors recommend, therefore, states that the use of known methods to curb consumption, such as taxation and restrictions on advertising.