The coalition government has resolved the current dispute on arms exports, but fundamental clarification to be postponed and new problems created. On Thursday, the Federal government decided to extend the arms exports of the stops for Saudi Arabia. So that was able to enforce the SPD to a large extent. She had called for the end of March of the spout to the end of the Moratorium until October to apply. However, the rules for armor co-productions with EU partners at the Union's request is not been so strict, that the export of each product with German components can be excluded to Saudi Arabia. Politicians of the CDU and the CSU had warned that a German Blockade would endanger the Integration of the European defence and armaments policy. Unresolved the conflict remains, whether the strict German arms export policies have to be relaxed in terms of the desired European cooperation in General. The Union, however, is in favour of the SPD.
contents of the compromise
In October 2018 and that the Federal government adopted after the murder of the saudi Arabian dissident Jamal Kashoggi an Export stop for all military equipment. This was also the case for systems, the export of which was already approved. Now the Moratorium will be extended by half a year. It is different with community projects. Already granted export permits for German parts for this to be extended until the end of 2019. However, the company should undertake that they deliver up to this period, no "the assembled military equipment" to Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Both countries are involved in the Yemen war.
binding effect for the EU-Partner
The SPD promises, they could also affect companies in other EU countries. "When arms companies in other EU - countries not adhering to this requirement, you need to revoke the already granted permits," says party Vice Ralf Stegner. German parts are to be found in European community products, such as the combat aircraft Eurofighter and Tornado, the final is in Spain or the UK.
experts not but expect, that the Federal government will enforce your wish on the part of European partners. "Other EU countries will not adhere to the German requirement," said Gustav Gressel from the European Council on Foreign Relations: "The appeal is addressed only to the German audience." Also, the armor expert Joachim Krause of the University of Kiel concludes, the likelihood that arms companies in other EU countries to follow Berlin's specifications, was low. "Such decisions are made in the UK or France on a political level," he says. In Paris and London, Horrified over the murder of Kashoggi as well as in Berlin, both governments could come to a different assessment of the situation. The main objective was to achieve a ceasefire for the Yemen. Also weapons deliveries would be considered to be effective means.
consequences for the Yemen
the request for the extension of the moratorium of the SPD leader Andrea Nahles with regard to the war in Yemen, which is according to the UN, the biggest current humanitarian catastrophe has been Founded. However, the proportion of German products on arms imports for Saudi Arabia is under two percent low. The largest volume is accounted for by coast guard boats, which will be built in Wolgast and now not may be provided. It was recognize "that the Moratorium will affect the course of the armed conflicts in Yemen, or the negotiations considerably," says security expert Krause.
criticism of the Opposition
While many welcome non-governmental organisations in the decision-making, see Green and Left a scandal. "The need for a complete arms ban on exports to Saudi Arabia would be," says Green party leader Anna Lena Baerbock. The back door, which had built the Federal government for community projects, open to "wide". It was "absolutely unacceptable" that the German and European arms in Yemen, the war could land. Also the Left group Deputy Sevim Dagdelem complains that the Federal government open up weapons deliveries "door".
armed military goods to Saudi Arabia Green are calling for a complete stop of arms exportsCordula Eubel Stephan Haselberger
the greens and the Left Would prevail, would the defence cooperation in the EU to a Standstill. Even now, the consequences of the moratorium are significant. "The partners will evaluate this decision in a negative way," says Gressel. Because the Federal government does not refer to any Alternatives to the export business, while Paris and London is the preservation of their arms industry have priority. Also, Krause says, the Moratorium reinforcing "our European partners, the scepticism towards the security of political maturity of Germany", European armament projects with German participation would be "less likely", and also the goal of a strategic capacity to act in Europe back "into the distance".