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A nationalistic wave draws on the EUROPEAN parliament's playing field

the EU's actual idea has been to reduce the importance, and allow more and more political issues to be decided jointly at the European level. Ahead of the elections to the EUROPEAN parliament in may is a strong movement in Europe to reverse this trend and instead return power to the states.

the Parties, which in varying degrees can be called nationalist wins growing support in many countries. Having previously advocated a withdrawal from the EU, several of them, among others, The sweden democrats, this time to the choice of the union from the inside.

this can drastically affect how groups are formed in the EU parliament, and how majorities are formed so as to come to a decision. But the nationalist forces have real influence they need to overcome the divisions that do that they currently can be found in three different groups in the parliament.

Magnus Blomgren is a political scientist at Umeå university.

What unites these parties is euroscepticism. Otherwise it is a disparate collection, " he says.

Efforts to form a larger group should be seen in light of the parties are now talking about reforming the EU from within

the groups that have not only significance in the power of the number of votes at the votes. The size also determines how many quests the group will prepare the legislative proposals before the decisions. Those who will be responsible for the preparation, rapporteurs, plays a crucial role in the end.

Göran von Sydow is a political scientist at the research institute Sieps.

Efforts to form a larger group should be seen in light of the parties are now talking about reforming the EU from within. So far, these groups have not endeavoured so much for influence, " he says.

The various parties, the historical roots are a key reason why the nationalists are so divided in the house. Parties like the british Tories and the Polish Law and justice belonged to the former in the same group as the Swedish moderate party, EPP, which can be described as christian democratic or liberalkonservativ. They now lead the group, the ECR, where even the Swedish SD.

In contrast to this there is a French woman Marine Le Pen's National collection and the austrian FPÖ, both with historical roots in nazism and fascism. These parties hold the house in the group of EFN. But even the Swedish SD have such links back in time.

that you can't just look at the differences in politics in order to understand the split among högernationalisterna.

– these parties is also driven by strategic calculations based on the effect that different forms of collaboration can have on their own reputation. One has to ask what signal it would send to voters at home would choose to cooperate with a particular party, " says Göran von Sydow.

the european Parliament in Strasbourg. Photo: CEDRIC JOUBERT

this was one of the reasons that the Swedish SD said no to an offer to be part of the group that Marine Le Pen tried to create 2014. Similarly, there was a profit for the SD card's image when it was accepted in the group, the ECR, in which the Danish party and the true finns included.

Magnus Blomgren indicates the inability to find a unifying leader, as a reason for the fact division.

– The strong profiles, which Marine Le Pen, has not been housebroken, " he says.

SD's top candidate in the EUROPEAN elections: Why we say no to a single EU-critical group

to be able to change this is according to Magnus Blomgren the conflict currently going on within the center-right group, the EPP. The Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán's party Fidesz has, prior to the election been running a campaign against the EU's migration policy, directed against commission president Jean-Claude Juncker personally. Recently the EPP to suspend Fidesz and investigate the party's future position. If Fidesz excluded think Magnus Blomgren to Orbán, perhaps together with Matteo Salvini of the Italian Lega, could become a new nationalist nav.

– They would be able to capture both the extreme and less extreme forces, " he says.

Göran von Sydow makes the assessment that Orbán and Fidesz, despite everything, will do what they can to remain in the EPP, parliament's largest group. But even if the nationalist parties only have less success in the elections, and will not be able to agree, so they learn indirectly change the dynamics in parliament.

has been pushed forward by the EPP and the S-group together because they have agreed to move forward the EUROPEAN parliament's positions. It would have a big impact if the two no longer form a majority on the basis that parliament is becoming increasingly more fragmentariserat, " says Göran von Sydow.

another factor of uncertainty is where the French president Emmanuel Macrons movement is A Marche ends up in parliament. The liberal group Alde hope that it will be for them, which would strengthen the political midfield.

A big minus for the nationalist forces is that two of the most influential parties is on the way out. After Brexit the disappearance of both the Tories and Ukip, which makes the future uncertain for their respective groups, the ECR and the EFDD. This suggests that the new group classifications may occur after the election.

Read also: Groups? How it works – and they want

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