The pro-european think tank ECFR has for the EUROPEAN elections asked voters in 14 countries, which are the most important threats to Europe today. The voters are mainly concerned by radicalized islamists, the economy, migration, growing nationalism, corruption and Rysslandshot.
But the report also appears that there is a widespread distrust of how the political system works, both nationally and at EU level.
Mark Leonard, co-founder of ECFR and one of the authors behind the report, believes that it should be the decision-makers to be deeply worried.
In this report parts of the ECFR in the electorate in the four different groups (see graphics opposite).Link to the graphics
the report called for systemtrogna, voters in countries such as Denmark and Germany. Clearly the lowest confidence has voters in France. They termed revolutionary, I distrust both their own national systems and the EU.
– In France, only one out of ten that the systems works well. It is right shocking, " says Mark Leonard.
– In several places there is a widespread dissatisfaction against the status quo. If a party to perform well it must, therefore, promise to change the current situation and get things to work.
Dissatisfaction does not automatically mean that the voters will favour the rise of populist parties, according to Mark Leonard. In several countries in EUROPE are now populists in the government, and they are, therefore, a part of the status quo.
In several places, there is a widespread dissatisfaction against the status quo
He believes that the big challenge for all parties is to find the right tone in the language to the many angry people. As well as having something important to say in matters that concern those voters most.
has the migration been assumed to be a crucial issue, in the shadow of the migrationskrisen 2015. But the only country where the substance is still located in the top, Hungary is shown by the report.
Migration is one of the five, the six key questions for voters, " says Mark Leonard.
That the migration has fallen on the agenda has mainly two explanations, according to him. First, the number of migrants arriving to Europe dropped drastically, which is evident in news reporting. Secondly, it is nowadays a broad consensus between the parties that have harsh border controls.
– the Migration issue, mobilize, thus, not as many voters as in the past. If the parties, instead, talking about and acting in the other questions, it can mobilize votes, " says Mark Leonard.
is different in addition the concern. In the north of Europe is the concern about immigration. In several countries in southern and eastern Europe, Romania, Hungary and Spain, is the concern also of the emigration, therefore, to their own population leaving the country.
Voters stating immigration as the biggest threat tend to vote on the högernationalistiska parties. The voters who instead enter the radicalised islamists, supports to a greater extent, the parties in the political mainstream.
" They don't want to stop all from entering, but is more concerned about how the integration works and for criminality, says Mark Leonard.
– It depends on what the parties decide to campaign on. Migration, climate, högernationalism, he exemplifies.
" It will be a more fragmentiserat parliaments of the member states. At least one third of the members will be the EU-skeptics. The question is whether they are able to coordinate themselves.
Mark Leonard looks ahead to the fragmentation that exists today in the EU's council of ministers, where member states ' ministers meet, breaking through even in the parliament. As well as in the EUROPEAN commission. A new commission, to which each country nominates a candidate, shall be elected later in the year.
Countries will nominate a number of EU-skeptics. It, as well as the fragmentation in the parliament, can lead to a major challenge for the EU to hold together and function effectively in the future.
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