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A big part of the prisoners should really somewhere else, say eight sentences in sat Aki – it doesn't make any sense

– Sometimes it feels overwhelming.

Aki has been sitting in the eight prison sentences for drugs and property crimes. He has them, which means, when talking about prisons "pyöröovista". Sentences start and end, the life between them is fragmented. A big part of the Finnish prison sentence to be carried out on live like this.

Several Aki did not want to try to improve their habits to catch up after being. Sometimes it is. Then it is heavy, if I fail.

There deceive themselves and those close to her. If there is brood, it seems particularly bad. But they are the only choices, which you learn to live with. It's all part of the game.

the Akin story summed up the this moment perhaps the most pressing problem in the Finnish prison system.

We have the impression, that prison is and for a long time. All the recent reforms have resulted in just the opposite direction.

Jussi Pajuoja

Many of the criminal work of the experts would like to, that law violators would be a more frequent condition elsewhere than in prison. It is difficult because in prison more and more short sentences that carry out the prisoners. Their services are scattered inside the wall and outside. As a whole the number of prisoners, however, will decline slowly.

We have the impression, that prison is and for a long time. But in fact, all the recent reforms have resulted in just the opposite direction. The customer comes really fast and is a short time, said study leader Jussi Pajuoja the university of Eastern Finland.

"And we don't have other means?"

At the moment prisons are released every year more than 2 000 prisoners that have been sitting for a maximum of three months. The number is likely to increase further when fines are converted penalty extended to the year 2021. The same effect is remanded recently to reform (the switch to another service).

in Good case short imprisonment separates offenders substance abuse and crimes. In a bad case, it separates him from the apartment, family, work, and services. The prison does not have time to do a short penalty during much of the prisoner's rehabilitation to the front.

of Course it's a crime that can not be agreed to without the prison. But if the punishment is intended to reduce the disadvantages and revenge, it is quite reasonable to ask, and we have no means other than unconditional imprisonment, asks the prison director previously worked as a university lecturer Lasse Rautniemi from the university of Tampere.

Yle interviewed the prisoners, is still too general, that the prisoner is released completely on your own.Laura Hyyti / Yle

Yle to hear this case for the number of prisoners the experiences of short sentences and especially the time after them. According to them, is still all too common, that gates will walk out of substance abuse depend on the people without their own home. In such a situation, dreams at work or studies seem to unrealistic. Many continue eye prescription, which go to jail.

That's a lot of dude and chick stumped, when kicked out the door. It is my opinion, even irresponsible, Aki said.

Three reasons for the problem in the background

the Problem is due to many things. One is substance abuse. Prison is an effective place acute substance abuse break the vicious circle of, but the actual substance abuse rehabilitation services are not enough. Inside the walls of sold drugs, not the atmosphere necessarily, anyway, I support rehabilitation.

There was, for example, dry arkan where, that talk about substances, their acquisition and their experience of very much, said Rautniemi.

There are so many prisoners who are in prison just for their own substance abuse problems due to their.

"Aki"

Another problem is of suitable housing, lack of outside of prison.

the criminal sanctions agency's statistics, last year released 713 homeless prisoners. In addition, the release of more than 2 000 prisoners, whose housing situation is not the prison of the known.

for Example, one of this case for the interviewed prisoners had been queuing in helsinki in supporting housing for two years. Dormitories, but their help of the prisoners to be suspicious about, at least if substance abuse is allowed.

that's Not gonna work, if you hit the dorm, which is full of crazy people, Aki said.

for Example, as an alternative to the controlled release on parole does not reach, if there is no apartment.

the housing shortage in the effort, especially in the capital region and other larger city regions. Sparsely asutummilla areas housing is easier to find, but there the prisoner's needs, including social services may not get.

the Third problem is the prisoner of his own behavior. No matter how good a service you do not help, if the offender wants to continue the same. The criminal lifestyle has been adopted already as a minor. For many it has become the only profession, which is viewed positively pride.

civil penalty not to judge, if a person commits crimes repeatedly.

Such is the prison in the price tag

the Equation is the most expensive. The criminal sanctions agency, in a closed institution to pay last year, an average of 78 080 euros. The general perception is that the society the cheaper solution would be to give offenders carry out their sentences elsewhere than in prison. Then rose the question of who pays.

– it is true that the fewer the walls, the cheaper the service. But is the root cause of it, that cheap service is also little support staff? asks research director Jussi Pajuoja.

according to Him, the parliament adopted the criminal sanctions to the institution recently extra money, so that it can be acquired outside the substance abuse treatment services fines prisoners. The government programme is, in turn, to 3.3 million euros annual development grant homelessness prevention.

– Ideally with substance abuse problems short-term prisoners could take months to dry in prison and let then supervised release on parole, characterizes the research director Jussi Pajuoja.Juha Heikanen / Yle

Projects often have no information about how many years funding will come. If prisoners services would like to transfer on a much larger scale inside the walls outside the walls, it would require transfers of appropriations from more sustained.

university lecturer Lasse Rautniemen think prisoners help of the association of funding can be increased. In addition, he would like to reduce the gap inside the prison and outside of social services between, for example, by placing on the payroll the social worker in prison.

we know very closely, sometimes years in advance, on what day the prisoner is released. Still happens all too often, that release comes as a surprise. This should not be, he said.

Aki: substance abuse problems, a petty criminal place is a prison

Several prison sentences for being out of Akilla's experience as "hard house", i.e. a closed prison, "avotalosta", i.e. an open prison as a supervised probationary freedom from. Her transparent sanctions to increase is a good trend, therefore, that civilian life will be able to get used to the power of attorney gradually.

with substance abuse problems, a petty criminal is not him should be in prison at all.

There are so many prisoners who are in prison just for their own substance abuse problems due to their. It doesn't make any sense. Then it is put rather rehab than prison.

Aki is now according to dry, but to carry out further imprisonment of the old actions. Back in prison months spent were just confusing times for the other confused time in between. Today, he sees the deeds of the causes and consequences more clearly.

Criminal professional has never been so well under control that would be something to sock.

"Aki"

criminal background is many things to prevent. Now Akista feel, however, that the solutions for example, the housing problem has started to become more. He has managed to get between judgments also work, which is important.

the Criminal profession has never been so well under control that would be something to sock.

"Aki" to appear in this case under a fake name to his family to protect.

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