President Joe Biden is expected to sign a statement Thursday which has been passed by Congress to put aside Juneteenth, or June 19th, as a national holiday. The Senate approved it only 14 House Republicans -- several representing countries that were a part of their slave-holding Confederacy from the 19th century -- compared the measure.
What's this national holiday, and what's its history?
The party began with the freed slaves of Galveston, Texas. Even though the Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves at the South in 1863, it couldn't be enforced in several areas until after the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865.
Laura Smalley, freed from a farm nearby Bellville, Texas, recalled at a 1941 interview her former master had gone to fight in the Civil War and arrived home without telling his slaves what had occurred.
"Old master did not inform, you knowthey had been liberated," Smalley said in the moment. "I think today they state they functioned themsix months then. Six months. And then turn them loose on the 19th of June. That is why, you know, we observe this day."
This was over two weeks following Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Virginia.
Granger delivered General Order No. 3, that stated:"The people of Texas are advised that, according to a proclamation from the Executive of the USA, all slaves are free.
The following year, the now-free people began celebrating Juneteenth in Galveston. Its observance has lasted across the country and the world as.
The expression Juneteenth is a combination of these phrases June and nineteenth. The vacation has also been known as Juneteenth Independence Day or Freedom Day.
Often celebrated initially with church retreats and addresses, the vacation spread throughout the country and globally as Black Texans transferred elsewhere.
The huge majority of countries recognize Juneteenth as a vacation or a day of admiration, such as Flag Day, and many nations hold parties. Juneteenth is a paid holiday for state workers in Texas, New York, Virginia and Washington, and countless businesses offer workers a day off for Juneteenth.