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Yemen, close to the catastrophe, after 5 years of war, 250 thousand dead and 20 million people reduced to hunger
the ROME - Five years ago, on the 24th of march, when the conflict in Yemen and still don't see the end. In a humanitarian context is not dissimilar from that of syria, where it is recorded in the first case, the official Covid19, there is a growing alarm for the spread of the virus, to the point that the WHO - world health Organization - has recently activated a toll-free number predisposing to send immediate aid. Speak on the topic Kostas Moschochoritis, the secretary-general of INTERSOS - that in this moment has more than 900 operators from yemen and international first-line – and Paolo Pezzati, policy advisor for humanitarian emergencies, OXFAM Italy.

INTERSOS: a destroyed Country . The restrictions on imports of food, medicine and fuel, along with the closure of most of the ports, roads and airports, have pushed the yemenis in a disastrous humanitarian situation. “At this time, says Kostas Moschochoritis - we have about 900 workers, yemeni and international first-line to save lives. For this, on the fifth anniversary of the war, we want to launch an appeal is clear: don't we lower the attention on what is happening, the war does not stay at home, and humanitarian action does not stop, on the contrary, it must be sustained and intensified”.

OXFAM in the field to train doctors and volunteers. In Yemen only works 50% of the health facilities, hospitals continue to be bombarded, 80% of the population has almost nothing, there are millions of displaced persons, and have already registered more than 2.3 million cases of cholera. Warns Paolo Pezzati, Oxfam Italia: “If Covid 19 hit the Country the effects would be devastating and you may experience an exponential growth of cases, which should be added to those of the cholera, which already affect millions of people.” Oxfam, following the directions of WHO and the Ministry of Health in yemen, it is preparing to train volunteers and local health personnel on the standards to be transmitted to the population to prevent infection from Covid-19.

The framework of the disaster. to OCHA, the Agency for the humanitarian interventions of the United Nations, has given us the photograph of that which is generally recognized as the most severe humanitarian crisis in the world. These are the numbers for today, on the fifth anniversary of the conflict:
- Almost 250 thousand deaths (of which about 100 thousand as a direct result of the fighting, and about 130 because of starvation and disease exacerbated by the conflict)
- Over 20 million people – about two-thirds of the population – are starving, with 1.6 million children suffering from acute malnutrition severe.
- a total of 30 million people, 24 million in need of humanitarian aid.
- Between January and February to 35 thousand displaced persons. After a slight decline of hostilities at the end of 2019, to January saw a new escalation of clashes in the governorates of Sana'a, Marib and Aljawf, which – according to estimates by the United Nations - has forced the 35 thousand men, women and children to flee their homes to find salvation.
- thousands of families that will be added to the 4 million internally displaced persons surviving in the accommodations of luck or in the villages, where the local population offered them a shelter.

health care workers fail to reach. In this moment of detention of the aircraft wiring are limited to the inputs and the possibility of movement of humanitarian workers. Not only that, but half of the health facilities are destroyed or unusable: “those in function have need of medicines, machinery and staff. As many as 17 million people - half the population - do not have access to clean water. The upcoming rainy season may also cause a new spike in cases of cholera: there are already over 56 thousand from the beginning of the year, warns OXFAM, which is a projection of the terrible: could be a little more than 1million cases by December.

A reminder to exporters of weapons, including Italy. , Says Small: “The world knows how to cure the cholera, and to prevent hunger: these are not new diseases. The responsible for the humanitarian crisis in Yemen are not only the parties to the conflict, but also the countries-exporters of arms such as Italy, which for five years are armando. This massacre can no longer be ignored by the international community and by the Governments concerned. All of this must be stopped, before the population gets crushed by a humanitarian catastrophe irreversible. Need an immediate cease-fire throughout the Country. It is necessary to build now a lasting peace”.

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