The last room of the permanent exhibition "history of Switzerland" is dedicated to the young, but not innocent 21. Century. Before kissing a yellow Background and no weapons or figures of saints, no tapestries or manuscripts are to be found here, no, here, a lot is going digital. So the quiz is a load of questions on two touch screens to self-assess.
It is about five for the two curators Erika Hebeisen and Denise Tonella Central themes of our present: sovereignty, Migration, climate change, life expectancy, and robotics. Fittingly, at the entrance to a man-high mirror that confronts the visitor with the question of what you want. Because Today there is – the difference is the possibility to change something: for themselves and the country in which you live zumVergangenen–.
In the other halls, which cover an area of 1000 square meters, a span of 550 years and it shows the history of transactions and events, which you can not influence. You are history!
The Show starts unconventional with the "White book of Sarnen" from the 15. Century and not with the Federal Charter of 1291 – a decision, for discussions, and not only as the courage to be a gap to go through. That story is structure, which makes the exhibition is clear: it is Only in retrospect, the result can be the open historical processes.
In the Here and Now, however, we fly on point of view: It is always possible to go more in one direction or the other. Even if we are on our history with pride – it is not our merit: for example, the "prescribed neutrality shows," as determined by our identity.
On the way back in the past, we meet the recently deceased 20. Century. As the thirty years ' war from 1618 to 1648, the two world touched by war, Switzerland is just on the edge. The country had come, in many respects, luck, under the blood-stained wheels of the warring great powers.
According to the permanent threat of War, which is the first half of the century finds overshadowed and for the exhibition of too-dark images, the spread of economic recovery from the 50s: Switzerland transforms itself into a colorful world of Consumerism, symbolized by Migros and Coop. The banks and insurance companies for office work and capital accumulation. And the construction activity is so brisk that workers have to be brought in mainly from Italy.
alienation initiative and efforts at integration are opposite reactions to these early processes of globalization. And already in the ' 70s, and an environmental movement that calls on shopping bags "Jute instead of Plastic" is formed (even if history doesn't repeat, so it takes but, as we see today, repeated old topics). And while the women insist on their political rights, samples of the Punks of the aesthetic revolt.
history for all the senses
The didactically well-constructed Show bathes the rooms with the individual centuries, in different colors, and detailed time tables of the overview of the texts are complementary. Visitors can focus on what you are interested in, each of most: one of the almost 1000 exhibits (90 per cent come from the collection of the national Museum); information to the listening stations, or on touch screens.
On such a about the Details of the great "Alliance carpet are explained in the" precise: if We zoom in and of the body, the more want to learn – from the fashion on the personalities around king Louis XIV to the socio-political context of the Soldverträge. In 1663 the Confederation renewed this trade with France, which included up to 16000 soldiers.
The further one looks back into the past, the stranger and stranger the world of our ancestors appears. This time is often referred to as gloomy and dark, has less to do with the era itself than with our manageable Yes limited Knowledge.
Here is required, for the reduction of complexity, a lot of things with a few pairs of terms: alliances and war (15. Century); the Reformation and the Tagsatzung (16. Century); the middle class and the Soldgeschäfte (17. Century); the enlightenment and sensibility (18. Century); the state and industrialization (19. Century); the world wars and the economic boom (20. Century) – the curator outlining clear inside the chronological exhibition thematically.
in Spite of all the Disparity of historical events, a red thread, a kind of Swiss Basic well-being. This has no more to language than that of 100 years ago with the Nobel prize dear Carl Spitteler. In his memorable, even today, reading the speech from the 14. December 1914 he formulated the "Swiss point of view".
Unique in the country, especially in its mixture of unity and cohesion in the Internal and neutrality to the outside world, he wrote at a time when Germany and France were at war. Neutrality was, therefore, a vital expression of the historically evolved in Between.
"With humility, we head to the great powers, the courtesy, thanks for this, that you will dispense us from their bloody Quarrels," wrote Carl Spitteler. "An exception in favour of destiny has permitted us to sit in the auditorium." In the not always simple amalgamation of the Germanic and Romanesque characteristics, he sees a Swiss originality, the wanted to defend it, even in difficult times. This constant, which defines the self in the interaction with the other Nations, recognizes you also, when stepping out of the exhibition "history of Switzerland".
That the two curators have decided to continue their vision of the story in the now of time, that was wise: Because in the 21st century. Century, the political distortions, the Clearest. What you want to get involved, depends on the history.
Therefore, the exhibition is also suitable for teaching. The specially-prepared "documents for schools" included, in addition to the worksheets, and a teacher comment. And for children and families a separate brochure is available – history at all.
The exhibition "history of Switzerland" is from the 12. To see April in the national Museum in Zurich.
Created: 10.04.2019, 20:37 Uhr