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The philippines, more than 20,000 children evacuated from the danger zone around the volcano in eruption
the ROME - While the Taal volcano continues to erupt and is only 100 km from the capital, Manila, it is estimated that more than 20 thousand children living in the risk zone of 14 km identified by the philippine government, have been evacuated from their homes. Save the Children, the Organization that for over 100 years, the fight to save the children and guarantee them a future, is working to children who are forced to leave their homes, to leave the school and live in evacuation centers, and cramped, and not suitable, facing hunger and disease.

Sunday, 200 earthquakes of a volcanic origin. “our staff - says Jerome Balinton, responsible for humanitarian law in the Philippines for Save the Children - has just visited an arena that also works as a evacuation center, and it was heartbreaking. More than 900 people sleep on the hard, cold floor without mats. Due to the sudden evacuation, the people have not been able to bring with them blankets, essential items for hygiene, mosquito nets and children's items such as diapers. The small children, " he added, Balinton - suffer from respiratory diseases such as coughs and colds, and, given the proximity to so many other people, these diseases can spread rapidly. With more than 200 earthquakes of volcanic origin are reported by Sunday, the families have no idea of when or if they will be able to return to their homes. This uncertainty can be very alarming for the kids.”

The particular support for you to devote to children. children need specific support for their needs, emotional and psychological. Infants and children, both very small and larger, require care and specific assets during and after natural disasters. Unless this support is not provided quickly, it is likely that the minors have long-term repercussions on the development of both physical and psychological. It is fundamental to support women and men to Save The Children - that the authorities should coordinate with parents and health professionals to meet their needs in these moments. For this reason, the humanitarian organisation is on the field in the affected area and works closely with the government to identify the needs, primary.

The comparison with the eruption that destroyed Pompeii in 79 ad.C. Now the eruption column above the volcano Taal, there is more: what it means to say "this peak phase of explosive is foolishness", but the eruption is still in progress and "can evolve into an eruption of the explosive type, finish it, or maybe give rise to violent explosions of water and rocks (so-called type piping) that can go on for a long time", he said to ANSA Piergiorgio Scarlato, of the national Institute of geophysics and volcanology (Ingv). The fact that it has been decided an evacuation preventive "with such a high number of people indicates that an evolution of explosive-type Pliny (such as that of Pompeii in 79 ad.C.) a hypothesis is real, which will be decided on a principle of caution", said Scarlato. In this case, however, the impact would be far greater than that of an area of about 25 square kilometers to be evacuated, and would have repercussions "far more extensive, for hundreds of miles. Suffice it to say that within a radius of 100 kilometres live 20 million people."

The gas that causes violent explosions. Taal volcano is located inside a lake very low, which in turn is the result of a great eruption occurred thousands of years ago. To understand how to evolve the current eruption, according to Scarlato, it should be in the possession of the monitoring data, such as those relating to the possible presence of magma during ascent. "That of course - he added - is an evolution of the type freato-magmatic, in which the water, in the form of gases, interacts with the magma, giving rise to violent explosions," in which the heat of the magma pushes up the water and the rocks.

Taal volcano and its complex eruptive history. signals the precursors of the current activity started in November 2018, with the deformation of the volcano continued until march 2019. So it was recorded an increase in seismic activity and of the dissolved carbon dioxide in the lake, which indicated the presence of magma ascent. "The escalation is, however, taken place in a few hours, between 12 and 13 January, but it is difficult to say how to evolve the situation. The Taal volcano has an eruptive history is very complex, so much so that in the last 450 years has produced 34 eruptions, each very different from the other, for its proximity to the water. For example, there have been two freato-magmatic very strong: the first, 1911, resulted in 1.335 dead, and the second in 1965, with 190 victims. The most recent explosive eruption dates back to 1754, and it lasted for six months, while the last eruption of the type water table began in 1965 and ended in 1977.

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