the Attack had the most propaganda-related value, but it shook both the japanese air defense, and at the same time gave it the overall american morale a boost.
on Tuesday died Richard E. Cole, who was the last living pilot, who had participated in the famous 'Doolittle Raid', was carried out by a small group of american bombers in april 1942.
the Attack was going to be the US's direct response to the japanese attack on Pearl Harbour in december 1941, and sat ago a lasting mark in the history books.
Richard E. Cole was 103 years old and has been featured in a number of american newspapers, among other things, the New York Times.
the Newspaper says that Coles passing was announced by general David L. Goldfein, chief of staff of the u.s. air force, which witnesses about the Coles status within the air force.
Members of the Coles crew together with the chinese after the attack. Richard E. Cole is fourth from the left. Photo: AP
the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbour on the morning of 7. december hit US as a shock. At the same time, the japanese attack on both the Philippines and some u.s. islands in the Pacific, like the japanese also launched other attacks on british and Dutch colonies in Asia.
background led both president Roosevelt and the american military with the light and lamp for an opportunity to strike back against the japanese, and they would like to be spectacular, so it echoed.
A direct bombing directed against the japanese main islands, it was the most obvious. The problem was that Japan was outside of the air force range, and therefore found that the bomber, which took off from an aircraft carrier, was the only option.
It was lieutenant colonel Jimmy Doolittle, who planned and led the attack, which was known as the 'Doolittle Raid'.
After a part of training as well as easier conversion of bombers of the type B-25 aircraft were not designed to fly from aircraft carriers - were 16 B-25 1. april loaded on board the aircraft carrier USS Hornet. The day after, the aircraft carrier along with a small group support the exchange rate against Japan.
One of the B-25 bombers on the deck of the USS Hornet shortly before departure. Photo: AP
the Trip was sailed in great secrecy. But at 7 o'clock in the morning 18. april was the american ship discovered a small japanese warship. The americans were good 650 nautical miles - equivalent to approximately 1200 km - from Japan.
The japanese ship was sunk, but by the fear of being detected, they chose to start bombetogtet from the position, and the 16 modified aircraft took off and set a course for Japan.
six hours later, they flew over Japan, which bombed targets in different cities. The japanese were taken by surprise, and the aircraft met only light resistance in the form of anti-aircraft fire and some fighter jets.
After the attack flew bombers against the asian mainland, where you would actually land in China. The fuel was exhausted, so a single wing instead to the Russian Vladivostok.
the Course is set towards Japan. Here is letter one of the bombers from the deck of the aircraft carrier. Photo: AP
After being flown over the mainland crash-landed some of the planes, while the crews jumped out with a parachute from the remaining, that subsequently crashed.
Some of the crew members were taken prisoner by the japanese, while others instead hit the friendly chinese.
Under the bombetogtet was Richard E. Cole co-pilot of lieutenant colonel Doolittles flight.
After being blown out of China was Cole, Doolittle and the rest of their crew lucky and stumbled upon the chinese rather than the japanese people.
Then they were returned to the us forces, where they continued their service in the UNITED states air force.