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The food crisis, the malian president: you do Not molleremo ever, neither we nor the other countries of the Sahel
the ROME - In a context of growing food insecurity, in which 4.3 million women, men and children at risk of hunger, the President of the Republic of Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, has launched an urgent appeal to the international community asking to unify the efforts and to show solidarity in order to eradicate hunger and poverty in the Sahel. In the last few months, the Sahel region has been witness to an increasing violence with attacks quintupled in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger by 2016. These circumstances have created millions of displaced persons and the fact that many areas are in a situation of severe shortage of food.

The impact of the terrorists in rural areas. During a press conference, the President of Mali has explained to journalists that in spite of the farmers we have had an exceptional harvest, the security issues are hampering the distribution of food. “We had a record crop of 10 tons, but is still not enough,” he said. And he added: “The problem is to reach the areas affected by the conflict”. Speaking at the opening ceremony of the forty-third session of the Board of Governors of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) on the theme of “Investing in a sustainable food System to put an end to hunger in the world by 2030”, the President of the Republic of Mali has explained that “the terrorists” have had a major impact on rural areas. Farmers and shepherds are abandoning their fields and their cattle, terrified, the result is that local markets remain empty.

The UN speaks of "Millions of hungry people". last week, the UN agencies have raised the alarm talking about millions of hungry people in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger due to the crisis situation in the rapid development, aggravated by climate change. There is a growing number of incidents, including attacks by armed groups and conflicts inside the community due to the shortage of resources. In Mali, 60 percent of the population lives in rural areas where farming and herding are the main occupations, and where 53 percent of the population is in a situation of poverty. It is estimated that agricultural production will collapse by 17 percent by 2050. Climate change is already affecting Mali and other countries of the Sahel, reducing the arable land, pastures and fishing resources, exacerbating conflicts over land and pushing people to migrate to the South or abroad. The President of the Republic of Mali has testified, however, have seen increased strength and stiffness in those areas where agriculture has been strengthened by long-term investments, such as those made thanks to the support of IFAD.

“Mali will not give never." "Neither the Evils nor the other countries of the Sahel - said Ibrahim Boubacar Keita - we are bleeding, but we will win. We still need the support of IFAD to support a larger number of people today are still living in a situation of vulnerability. IFAD has enabled the populations at the mercy of the worst attacks to maintain their values and their dignity”. Today, IFAD has asked its 177 Member States to help the Fund to meet its objective of duplicating its impact on the lives of those most marginalized by 2030, with a proposal for a work programme of us $ 30 billion for the next ten years.

increased hunger for the 3rd year in a row. The world population suffering from hunger have increased for the third consecutive year. In 2015, the world leaders agreed that eliminating hunger by 2030 would require an annual investment of more than 115 billion. During the next decade, thanks to greater support of the Member States, IFAD will use its specificity and its unique experience to define and launch investment projects for the rural in favour of the most vulnerable populations, including women in rural areas, young people and indigenous people.

The commitment of IFAD. The IFAD, the international financial institution that invests on the rural populations, helps to reduce poverty, increasing food security, improvement of the nutritional levels and strengthening resilience. Since 1978 have been invested 22.4 billion of dollars in donations and loans at subsidised rates to finance projects that have benefited about 512 million people. The IFAD is a specialized agency of the United Nations with headquarters in Rome, together with FAO and WFP and is the pole of the United Nations for food and agriculture.

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