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Stray dogs and not trained to understand the commands of the man
the ROME - A dog is almost always in complete harmony with its owner and can easily encompass a wide range of commands and gestures. But these skills are innate or are learned only through training or simply living together? A new study published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology is conducted on stray dogs, not trained, he discovered that 80% of them correctly interpreted human gestures although he had never received a previous training and does not live in close contact with a human. The results suggest that dogs can understand gestures complex simply by observing the men: this - note the experts of the indian Institute of education and scientific research (Calcutta) - may have implications in reducing the attacks of stray dogs. Dogs have been domesticated for 10,000-15,000 years ago, making them probably the first domestic animals on the planet. Humans have raised the four-legged animals by selecting the most desirable and useful in a way that they can be great companions and workers. This has meant that, up to the present day, the arrival of domestic dogs is highly responsive to commands and human gestures. However, it was not clear if the dogs there understand only through the training, or if that ability was innate.

To investigate, Anindita Bhadra and colleagues have studied stray dogs in various cities of india: researchers have come closer to the exemplary solitary and have placed two bowls blankets on the ground near them. A researcher has then indicated one of the two bowls, one time or repeatedly, and has recorded if the dog approached the bowl indicated. It was also described the emotional state of the dogs perceived during the experiment. About half of the dogs have not approached to any bowl.
However, the researchers noted in these dogs, an attitude of anxiety in the past may have had bad experiences with humans. The dogs who came to the bowls appeared to be more friendly and less anxious, and about 80% followed correctly the signals 'pointing' towards one of the bowls, regardless of whether the indication was a momentary or repeated. This suggests that dogs may actually be able to decipher the gestures of the complex by the man. "It is quite surprising that dogs follow an abstract gesture such as a finger, which indicates an object for a few moments," explains Bhadra. "This means that they saw the human being is met for the first time, and used their human understanding to make a decision. This demonstrates their intelligence and adaptability".

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