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Språkkrönika: A 4.600-year-old no man's land

Mesopotamia lay between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris in present Iraq. The quality culture in the tvåflodslandet had a great influence on the neighbors in the Egypt, near east, Asia Minor, Iran and the indus valley.

A precursor to the inscription are the small clay figurines for a long time were used to document the trade and the administration. Man began to carve the figures on clay tablets and, later, stiliserades these. The language was sumerian, an isolated language with no known relatives. Several hundred thousand clay tablets have been preserved, which makes the cultures which used the cuneiform script to the best documented.

it is between the city-states Lagash and Umma. (Lagash was at the side of, inter alia, From one of the oldest cities.) The feud about a piece of land was going on in the 200-250 years, around 2600 bc.

the Researchers have, through the years, vacuumed all of the museum collections for historical material. Although it appeared an old gränssten in marble derived from Lagash and Umma first, now out of a dusty corner (in the British museum. In the 150 years it has been in the museum's possession without anyone being bothered about it.

Stone turned out to contain the world's oldest description of a border conflict; it occurs, however, even in some contemporary texts. In the inscription used the term no-man's land for the first time: ’ashag lugal nu-tuku’. Ashag is a field or area which, in this case, it is not a king, the lugal.

surviving texts and inscriptions on the conflict, however, comes from the constant winner, Lagash. According to the museum's archaeologist is the custom of the god's name on the recoveries of gränsstenen neatly and clearly written, unlike the neighbouring country – the enemy – god. It is not unusual that the characters look warped and uneven. But one can also imagine that the Lagash deliberately used propaganda to consolidate their borders.

in Addition, speculating the museum of the has been made that today's konstförfalskare, that is to say, deliberately tried to get the stone to look older in order to emphasize Lagashs historical rights to the border area. But it is perhaps more a guess than an interpretation.


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