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Nicaragua, two years of political crisis and social force to escape the more than 100,000 people
the ROME - Nearly two years after Nicaragua is plunged into a serious political and social crisis, more than 100,000 people have fled and denounced the persecution and violations of human rights in the Country, seeking refuge abroad. Even after the initial surge of violence in April 2018, students, human rights defenders, journalists and farmers nicaraguans continue to flee from their Country at an average rate of 4,000 people each month. Without a solution to the internal crisis, the UNHCR, the United Nations Agency for refugees, you would expect these numbers to grow. And this, in a nutshell, he said Shabia Mantoo, spokesman for the UNHCR, during the press conference at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

Costa Rica, 2/3 of refugees nicaraguans. Then, he added, the first stop for the majority of refugees nicaraguans is the neighboring Costa Rica, home to two-thirds of all refugees and asylum-seekers from Nicaragua, about 77,000 people. Just over 8,000 have fled to Panama, and another 9000 in Europe, while Mexico is home to about 3,600 people. Other 5.100 are hosted in other Countries, for a total of 103.600 refugees and asylum seekers nicaraguans in the world till today. By October 2019, Costa Rica, with the support of UNHCR, has simplified the procedures of refugee status determination for the roaming profiles to those that are known to be persecuted in Nicaragua, which reduces the time for the recognition of persons as refugees, ensuring their protection.

The forced displacement from Central America. Through an agreement with the UNHCR, the Costa Rica has also allowed access to the public health system to 6,000 asylum-seekers more vulnerable. These include people with chronic conditions or disabilities, those in need of a surgical intervention, the survivors of the torture and the people who live in conditions of extreme poverty. In the context of a framework of global response to the refugees to face the challenges of forced displacement from central America, UNHCR coordinates with the government authorities and other agencies of the United Nations to monitor the transboundary movements and respond to the needs of the security and humanitarian situation of those fleeing Nicaragua. This also includes the provision of health care, psychological support, accommodation, and food assistance.

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