"The complicity of the Italian". The plan should include the closure of detention centers for migrants and, in particular, the guarantee to protect them against arbitrary detention and inhuman and degrading treatment. “Italy cannot justify his complicity in the suffering of migrants and refugees who fall into the hands of the Libyan Coast Guard,” said Judith Sunderland, director associated with the division Europe and Central Asia of Human Rights Watch. “The humanitarian rhetoric does not justify the continued support of the Coast Guard, from the time that Italy knows that people intercepted at sea will once again be held arbitrarily, and to suffer abuses.”
the proposal for The amendment of the foreign ministry. on February 9, 2020 the Italian Foreign Ministry announced it had sent to Tripoli by the proposed amendment of the Memorandum of understanding-2017, which outlines the framework of cooperation in the field of border control between the two countries. The declaration limits itself to say that the changes are aimed at increasing the protection of migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees in Libya, and to seek the strengthening of the activities of the United Nations agency for Refugees, the UNHCR, and the International Organization for Migration, IOM. On the 30th of January the Italian minister of Foreign affairs, Luigi Di Maio, reported to the Parliament that Italy will support the closure of the detention centers and the opening of facilities under the auspices of the UN, as well as to encourage a greater number of voluntary repatriations from Libya to their countries of origin.
In 3 years of 40,000 migrants in the prisons of libya. The material support and technical of Italy, allowed the Libyan Coast Guard, under the recognition of the Government of National Agreement (GNA) of the united nations, to trap thousands of people in the sea. The Libyan Coast Guard then reported the people in a situation of arbitrary detention and indefinite duration, in facilities where they are exposed to a high risk of exploitation and of acts of violence, including rape. The Memorandum of understanding was renewed automatically for an additional three years on the 2nd of February. According to the data of the UNHCR, nearly 40,000 people have been intercepted and returned to Libya from when the Memorandum was signed three years ago.
The UNHCR has been forced to close a day-care centre. on The 30th of January, the UNHCR announced that he was forced to close its welcome Center and departure to Tripoli, because of concerns for safety linked to the hostilities in progress in the capital. The centre was designed to house people on the list for evacuation and resettlement in Europe and elsewhere, however, hosted other hundreds of people fled or released from detention centers official by the outbreak of the conflict in and around Tripoli in April 2019. According to the estimations of UNHCR, at the end of December, about 4,000 people were locked up in detention centres officers, to whom the humanitarian organizations and the UN agencies have access only sporadically.
The trials of the Italian support. In January 2019, Human Rights Watch has published evidence that the support of Italy and other member States of the European Union in favour of humanitarian assistance to detained migrants and asylum seekers, and of the programmes of evacuation and repatriation, has done little to address the systematic problems in the detention and ill-treatment of migrants in Libya. In a report mid-January on the activities of the Mission, the UN support in Libya (UNSMIL), the UN secretary-general stressed that Libya is not a safe harbor and urged all member states to “revise policies that support the return of refugees and migrants”. The Commissioner for human rights of the Council of Europe has invited Italy to “suspend urgent" cooperation with the libyan Coast Guard “until there will be clear guarantees on the respect of human rights”.
In Libya, is exposed to serious risks of abuse. cooperation with the Libyan Coast Guard should only occur if necessary to comply with the obligation, according to the international law of the sea, to co-ordinate the response in emergency situations in the sea, said Human Rights Watch. In these cases, every effort should be made to ensure that the landing outside of Libya, as long as this country remains a place in which migrants are subjected to arbitrary detention of unlimited duration, and where they are exposed to a serious risk of abuse.
"Italy will return to being the leader in saves in the sea". “Instead of retouch to the Memorandum of understanding,” said Sunderland, “the Italian authorities should insist on the closure of the detention centres, direct resources in support of the secure alternatives to detention, increase the evacuations from Libya, including those from Italy, and resume a leadership role in saving lives at sea”.
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