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Hunger, here are the critical points of food insecurity acute and require urgent attention
the ROME - While global attention is focused on swarms of locusts which attacked the crops in east Africa, also other Countries and Regions are facing serious threats to food security and require support, according to the United Nations Organization for food and Agriculture (FAO). In the request for funding issued today, FAO is calling for $ 900 million to reach 43 million people vulnerable and dependent on agriculture, with the risk of increasing food insecurity acute in 22 countries, including Burkina Faso, Chad, Ethiopia, Libya, Myanmar, Syria and Yemen.

The widespread dependence on agriculture. this Is the component, FAO of the appeal of the unified 2020 of the United Nations system. Does not include the additional 138 million dollars, and the Organization is looking for the east African Countries affected by the resurgence of the locust. "The means of subsistence of the majority of people exposed to food insecurity, acute at the global level - due to conflicts, the effects of climate change or economic hardship - depend on agriculture," said FAO director-general, QU Dongyu. "We need to provide them with the necessary tools to address these challenges and strengthen their resilience to recover".

What do you need in order to be self-sufficient. The appeal 2020 FAO outlines a series of targeted initiatives to increase local food production by optimizing nutrition, at the same time strengthening the resilience of people in crisis such as conflicts, insecurity, pests and extreme climatic conditions. The activities vary from Country to Country, but the stated objective of FAO is to help people to produce nutritious food and sufficient income, as quickly as possible. all of this can be made possible by providing agricultural inputs such as seeds, tools, fertilizers, and other inputs for farming, restocking of livestock by providing feed, veterinary care, by distributing fishing equipment and cash assistance, so that people can meet the immediate needs and continuing to produce food. FAO is also working with communities to help them strengthen their approach to agriculture and management of natural resources, to increase their agricultural productivity and to implement strategies of diversification of the means of subsistence.

prevention is everything. The most recent edition of the Global Report on the Food Crisis indicates that the factors of food insecurity and acute are the conflicts, the shocks related to climate, natural disasters, diseases and parasites of plants, animals, and the economic crisis. It is evident that need to be addressed the underlying causes.

The key points of food insecurity

1) - The number of people affected by the food crisis are about 113 million, although the number declined slightly compared to 124 million by 2017. However, the number of people affected by the food crisis in the world remained well above 100 million in the last three years, and the number of countries involved has increased. In addition, the 143 million people in the other 42 countries are just a step away from hunger acute.

2) - About two-thirds of those who are affected by hunger acute are found in just 8 countries: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. In 17 countries, acute hunger has remained unchanged or has increased.

3) - Climate and natural disasters have pushed 29 million people in hunger acute in 2018 - while 13 countries, including North Korea and Venezuela, are not considered in this analysis due to lack of data.

Responses to short-and long-term. Invest in risk reduction and in the development of the capacity of vulnerable people so that they can withstand the crisis before they occur is a more human approach, effective and efficient in terms of costs compared to the react to the consequences of disasters. The exceptional humanitarian assistance of the FAO combines responses to short-term prevention actions and interventions building resilience in the long term, that seek to strengthen the capacity to deal with the consequences of vulnerable populations before they occur the crisis. The complete list of countries for which the FAO requires assistance and additional information on the humanitarian interventions planned by the agency of the United Nations in the year 2020 are available here.

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