Hungary would she always be haunted, by his birth, by his "butchering" decided at the Grand Trianon of Versailles, a hundred years ago ? For the Hungarian this word Trianon, does not mention the castle of the Sun King, but a treaty which in 1920 redessina the borders of their country, and still permeates, a century after its signing, the minds and the political discourse.read also : Understand the Hungary with the historian Joseph YacoubÀ read also : On Figaro Store: Austria Hungary in the face of its destinUn historical museum dedicated to the Treaty
to The "Museum of Trianon", a hundred kilometers from Budapest, the exhibition is full of beautiful and historical documents of the 1920's, marked by an intense propaganda of Hungary in favour of a revision of the Trianon borders.
This speech irredentist continues to supply power to the fringe radical far-right Hungarian. It is not uncommon to find maps of "Greater Hungary" before 1918 printed on stickers or in souvenir shops.
Since his return to power ten years ago, Viktor Orban has also reactivated the theme of Trianon to feed the sense of injustice done to Hungarians by the great powers while posing as the protector of its diaspora.
Since 2010, the 4 of June was sacred "day of national cohesion". In the same year, the government has passed legislation granting some 2 million magyarophones of the neighbouring countries, the Hungarian nationality... the right to vote.
More than a million passports have been distributed in ten years, these minorities, who vote overwhelmingly for the party of Viktor Orban, the Fidesz. This approach is accompanied by a flow of funds of Budapest to the schools and institutions and local community, as in Transylvania, romania.
critics accuse the Prime minister of playing on the heartstrings of a country constantly a victim of history: the Trianon, communism, liberalism after 1989, and, more recently, the migration policy of the european Union.
The historical narratives idealize the unity of Hungary before the war and will keep to remember the weaknesses inherent in the crown, austro-Hungarian monarchy, weakened by a social crisis before 1914, and within which the Austrians and the Hungarians dominated other peoples.
In a survey conducted by the scientific committee of the centenary of Trianon, 85% of respondents consider the treaty as "the greatest tragedy" of the country. This memory is not the prerogative of the right sovereignist. The mayor, liberal, Budapest, between resolved to Viktor Orban, has scheduled a minute of silence in the capital for the centenary of Thursday. "How to get out of the trauma of Trianon ?", questioned today the historian Gabor Egry. He regrets that "the commemorations official does not focus on the losses and sufferings".
for Balazs Erlauer, videographer, 34 years old, born in a Hungarian family in the region of serbia's Vojvodina, who fled the yugoslav wars in the 1990s to find a refuge in Hungary, he would "forget willingly to discussions around Trianon". Because, for him, the exile has taught him that "these are not the plots of the boundaries that affect the lives, but the assault nationalists.
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