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East Africa, swarms of hungry and devastating locusts in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
the NAIROBI - The swarms of locusts in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - already unprecedented for their size and their destructive potential - could increase exponentially and spread to other countries in east Africa, if the efforts to deal with the voracious pest will not be intensified in a massive way throughout the region. The report, FAO. "It became a situation of international interest," said the director-general of FAO, dr. Qu Dongyu - and threatens the food security of the entire sub-region". FAO is enabling rapid mechanisms that allow us to intervene rapidly to support governments in organizing campaign collective to address this crisis. The authorities of the region, he added, have already given the way to control activity, but given the scale and urgency of the threat, further efforts are required financial part of the international community".

Devastate, eat and riprosucono so uncontrollable. The recent weather conditions in eastern Africa have created a climate that promotes rapid reproduction of locusts. In the absence of controls, by the end of June the number of insects that devour crops could increase by 500 times. The swarms - which potentially contain hundreds of millions of individual locusts can travel 150 kilometres in a day, devastating rural livelihoods in their uncontrollable drive to eat and reproduce. In a day a grasshopper devours its own weight in food - about two grams.

The locusts spread in Kenya. From Ethiopia and from Somalia, the swarms continue to arrive in Kenya, spreading rapidly towards the centre of the country. In Ethiopia, the insects are moving steadily south, towards the pit of the tectonic, the granary of the country. In Ethiopia and Somalia, have not seen swarms of grasshoppers of that size for 25 years, while Kenya has received a threat similar to 70 years. At the moment, South Sudan and Uganda that are affected, but they are at risk.

An unprecedented threat. The FAO is providing forecasts, alerts and early warnings on the timing, scope and location of the invasions and of the reproductive areas. The speed of spread of the parasite and the size of the infestations are so beyond the norm that they have brought to the limit the capacity of local and national authorities. Given the size of the swarms, the control plane is the only effective means of reducing the number of the locusts. Aerial operations must be increased substantially and extremely timely in Ethiopia and Kenya. "In addition to the activities of control, our response must also involve efforts to restore the livelihoods of the population," said FAO director-General.

Affected also the south-east asia and the Red Sea. By June 2019, numerous swarms of grasshoppers playing in India, Iran and Pakistan. Some swarms have migrated into southern Iran, where recent rains have allowed to lay eggs that will become swarms in the spring of 2020. Also in Egypt, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen is a remarkable reproduction, which may cause the spread of swarms in the coming months. The FAO is closely monitoring all situations and is engaged with all the countries in the management of the threats of locusts, supporting their interventions.

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