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Commemoration of victims of the Nazi regime : How to convey the Knowledge about the Holocaust today?

We, the children were noisy, if adults were saying in the sixties, strange words, which sounded like hints. Probably the more frequent, as the Newspapers and radio stations of the Auschwitz trials reported, which had begun in 1963 at the district court in Frankfurt am Main, initiated by the Hesse attorney General Fritz Bauer. No one escaped these messages. In the middle of the habitual Suppression of the German home were searched by the memory of the immediate past, the reconstruction and the economic miracle, to be effective, the door had locked.

guilt and trepidation waved in the strange words of the adults. One of them was "the Zone". Confusing the stand for a kind of forbidden territory, which had been cut off from our country, because it "had given to the war". In the war, the Unspeakable had happened, and the Wegspalten "the Zone" was obviously the penalty.

After a further mystery came-like terms, such as "the Jews", "Nazis" or "Transport". From a neighbor, and people said, you would have survived "the Transport" which was "unbelievable". You said that so inhibited as admiringly. A man at the end of the street, it was behind his Hand: "It was a big Nazi". A teacher went to crutches. If he fell in a rage, he threatened the class with the right crutch. "The was in the war," to appease the younger teachers adjusted us.

Furtively hinted at a well-Known of the parents to a lady who said in the green area your dog: "at the time, betrayed and go to a concentration camp." The strongest of the hard terms was "the concentration camp". That was another word for Grey, as far as we had understood. But the woman was walking around there. Why?

post-war children read the diary of Anne Frank – and were horrified

What had happened in the past, later received firmer outline and more content. The more the post-war children learned from national socialism, the more creepy could you be the adult, the same people had to rely on you, to need you trust. At the latest at the end of adolescence, most of us was clear: On the Generation of parents and grandparents, participation in a self-indulgent crime – or at least the Knowledge about it rests.

millions of children, women, men, the had lived as we are and right where we lived today, were groundless vilified and systematically murdered because they belonged to "the Jews". Or to those who would not tolerate the Murder of the Jews.

Many post-war children read the diary of Anne Frank, records of a Jewish girl who lived in Amsterdam, in hiding, before it was deported to the death camps. We read with horror, crying and angry. As was to become so monstrous an injustice possible? - To talk with the parents, the Elderly were rare. We grew up under the witness, as the time-distorting term "line" made a career.

According to the requirement was already in the founding year of the Republic, as the election advertising of the Free Democrats, who at that time were very nationalistic-minded, "line under it!" demanded, and the abolition of "de-Nazification, disenfranchisement, and disempowerment". In the case of surveys, from end 1945 to end of 1946, approximately half of the respondents answered affirmatively to the statement that national socialism was "a good idea", which was just "running bad".

There followed, in several spurts, the confrontation with the Nazi era: trials against war criminals, theater pieces such as "The investigation" by Peter Weiss, the cinema and television films on the Shoah, the inclusion of the substance in the Curricula of the schools, the Setting up of memorials, the Laying of stumbling stones in memory of individual victims and public scandals, such as Martin Walser's rebellion against "Auschwitz" as a "moral cudgel". Walser is not led, twenty years before the "bird shit", the AfD, as an example, that Knowledge (which he had) does not necessarily mean consciousness (which he had).

"Not to mutiny again, the Jews and the Nazis!" students often

However, the number of time decreases witnesses steadily. Young people encounter them now only rarely. Some schools invite the last, the elderly Survivors, and Teaching teachers, teachers struggle to convey in the distant past, while in parallel the old and new anti-Semitic, anti-Israeli stereotypes room to grip, especially in the case of Muslim children and young people. "Not again, Jews and Nazis!" to mutiny, students often. The echoes of the Walserianer or Palestine campaigner from your home? Produces too urgent or too flat to Convey the Weariness? No survey could provide an answer.

Video 07.11.2017, 12:32 Uhr05:11 Min.Against oblivion

"Show us your Tattoo?", children of an East German school class and asked in front of a handful of years ago, a concentration camp Survivor who smiled in mild, while the teacher sank in shame. A teacher of German in the Rhine-Main area has not experienced that reading it as "at that Time it was Friedrich" 1961 or "addressee unknown" package in 1983, still, "however, the pulls at all." Anne Frank's diary show, she says, mostly as a "tough reading".

In the situation of the teenage girl, who had to bring before the uniformed murderers in safety, or to enable only a few. Sale of animal orphans told chic they touched more than Anne Frank's letters to the imaginary friend, Kitty, confesses a fourteen-year-old Berliner.

During a visit to an exhibition on the disenfranchisement of the Jews graders learned about the Tithe, that Jewish families had their Pets, their dogs. "The poor dogs! Where the came then?“ inquired the dismayed Museum guide. "Jews don't pay taxes, and those of Aldi, Lidl, Mediamarkt - everything!" Such ideas of the psychologist Ahmad Mansour met regularly in his work against the anti-Semitism of Muslim youth in Germany.

far, Far away, the Holocaust out acts on a lot of today's young people

According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, approximately eight out of ten Germans want to leave the history of the persecution of the Jews "behind"; the Younger stood here. A couple of weeks old, the "Eurobarometer 484", a European Commission survey on the perception of anti-Semitism in those member States where 96 percent of the Jewish population. Thereafter, fifty percent consider anti-Semitism to be a Problem in your country, one that has increased in the past five years.

far, Far away, the Holocaust has an impact on many of today's young people. Earlier children and young people were fascinated by the dungeons and torture chambers in the castles on the Rhine. Now trends are separated clearly, the rupture of Civilization by the Shoah videos and horror Thriller to be classified in the series of the Horror, the young people on the Internet consume. Some, especially the young, are eager to take a trip to the "totally real", "full blatant" place, Auschwitz, devoid of any political or empathic intention. And shock alone will align, however, nothing at all.

of Course, there are also dedicated young people, which more about biographies of the Victims of national socialism, as the students of the performance course, the history at the Albert-Einstein-Gymnasium. With the socialist falcons-youth, she saw to it that in November 2018 in the Britz horseshoe estate in Berlin, is a stumbling stone for the Jewish social Democrats and the author, Bruno Altmann. The memorial service had to be made, the young people themselves.

Monika Grütters is to strengthen the historical consciousness of his strengths

Monika Grütters, the acting Minister for Culture, wants to now the historical consciousness of young generations. For your program "youth" recalls historian and educational expert, practical concepts that are designed to promote encounters and visits to memorials. Will be presented to the program at 29. January at the Information centre of the Berlin memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe.

Remember, as necessary As that of mass murder, crimes against humanity and the guilt of the perpetrator society is so important to the Unfolding of a vibrant sphere of Jewish life seems to be. Around seventy percent of EU citizens currently according to the Eurobarometer study, that the majority is informed in your country, defective about Jewish history and culture – speak of evidence for claims such as those of Nicola Galliner, Director of the Jewish film festival Berlin and Brandenburg.

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Historic as well as current mediation had finally to rich about "dead Jews", says Galliner, and mentioned the amazing effect about Eyal Halfons Comedy film "90 minutes - at the final whistle, peace," wherein a football match between Israelis and Palestinians, a microcosm of the peace process in the Middle East. Youth can not "de facto" remember what you experienced. Young people can gain Knowledge - and it is only through empathy, Knowledge to awareness.

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