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Burkina Faso, nearly two million people are without water, displaced people increased by 10 times
the ROME - The intensification of the clashes in the North and East of Burkina Faso, aggravated by the impact of drought and climate change in recent years, is bringing the population to the brink. More than 1.9 million people are literally remaining no access to safe drinking water and sanitation. While only last year the number of internally displaced people has grown by 10 times: more than 500 thousand men, women and children, who have found refuge in the villages of the areas already poor in the Country.

Thousands of families to the extreme. Is the alarm launched by Oxfam, crisis forgotten, made even more severe by the political instability that characterises the country. “The exponential increase in the number of people forced to leave their homes is making the situation ever more critical. – said the responsible for humanitarian emergencies, Oxfam Italy, Riccardo Sansone – Thousands of families have lost everything and are now at the point of exhaustion: they need clean water and sanitation, shelter, food and health care. The humanitarian needs are enormous and continue to grow with the arrival of an ever greater number of refugees”.

In line hours and hours for a little water. “I'm in row 5 hours under the sun, a little water, which will not be enough for my family'. Women and girls are the first who are forced to hours and hours of queuing up to get the little water available. “If I get up at 7 in the morning in search of water, I have to stay under the sun till noon before I could get a little of what often is not sufficient for the needs of my family for the whole day. And this happens every day,” says Fatoumata Sawadogo, the mother, who has found refuge in the refugee camp, Pissila, in the centre-north of Burkina Faso, where at this moment more than 3,500 displaced people are living without access to clean water.

The risk of epidemics is very high. “Without water, we cannot ensure the minimum hygiene rules,” he adds, Huguette Yago, hydraulics engineer, who work here with one of the local partners of Oxfam to deal with the emergency, in an attempt also to prevent the spread of diseases due to the lack of hygiene. In this context, the risk of epidemics is, in fact, the most high, and new outbreaks could have very serious consequences in the areas where thousands of displaced have found refuge. In the meantime - while there is a significant increase of intestinal diseases due to the lack of access to clean water - the fear is that the worst is yet to come.

Displaced and herded into 30 in a house. access to water has become a daily challenge even for the local communities that they are offering a shelter often improvised to 94% of displaced persons in the Country. In some cities, such as Barsalogho, access to clean water is decreased by about 40%* due to the massive arrival of displaced persons in areas of the country where the infrastructure and the water sources available are very limited and they were barely sufficient for the population before the outbreak of the emergency. “The water has become a source of tension for all. We are too many and the situation is getting more difficult,” says Ousmane Bandé, that alone is hosting more than 30 internally displaced persons in his house.

The response of Oxfam. To deal with the emergency, Oxfam intervenes in 13 regions of the Country, to provide access to clean water to the idps and host communities in the most affected areas. After recently restored water infrastructure to ensure access to water at approximately 21.800 persons per day; the goal for this year to extend its work by reactivating 107 points of water supply for rescue 287 thousand people to the extreme.

How to support the humanitarian efforts. “From the beginning of the year, " concludes Samson - the situation is deteriorating quickly, and 2.2 million people at this time they urgently need humanitarian aid to survive. In a context where 1.2 million people have no access to basic health care. With 2,400 schools closed, about 318 thousand children can no longer study. To face the emergency then you need an immediate major effort by the international community to fund the plan international emergency response”, You can support the response of Oxfam HERE

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