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As a television series to shock waves triggered

A television series runs, and after people see with different eyes. History books, dusty is still in the shelves, sell themselves at once, are memorials well attended, discussion and Amateur research groups. Public opinion swings around, the series is used as an Argument in debates in the Bundestag, and finally, your title of word of the year in 1979. A word to accept as later-born, incorrectly, that it is much longer a part of the General use of Holocaust language.

the ARD-TV bosses didn't want to show the story of the Jewish family Weiss in the first place. Wanted to see you before, supposedly no one: For the left intellectual was commercial Kitsch, historians saw their research in an alleged soap Opera trivializes, neo-Nazis tried to stop the broadcast at the last Moment, with bomb attacks on transmission towers. Others worked on the minor Details, according to the süddeutsche Zeitung from the broadcasting day, the 22. January 1979, bothered about the former SWR-TV game chef Peter Schulze-Rohr public to the fact that in the series a Hitler kid at Christmas wearing the summer uniform. Never television was so controversial. But after the broadcast, the phones in the subsequent viewers send rang all the discussion, many were forced to rethink their assumptions.

Since yesterday, WDR, NDR and SWR to get the series back from the archive. Holocaust, NBC in the USA in April 1978 broadcast, is now itself history, is a TV event from a bygone media world. In the first scene of the Holocaust and celebrates the Jewish doctor Weiss family the wedding of their son to a Christian woman. The harassment under the Nazis, the family finally to be deported members, and experience separated almost every other major event of the Holocaust, only one survived the murder machine. The WDR is giving the series to the Declaration of a short documentary.

Video: excerpt from "the Holocaust"

Video: YouTube / TeeVees Greatest

The Cologne-based broadcaster was once with his former TV game-boss, the producer, Günter Rohrbach, purchase and broadcasting of the series against the massive rejection from the other ARD broadcasters. The documentary of Alice Agnes Kirchner takes about a quarter of an hour for the history, the internal against the wind, she addresses larger. Another 15 minutes are reserved for the experiences of the filmmakers: actors meet after decades and tell, among other things, by the emotional pivot in the real gas chamber of Mauthausen. The last third of the responses were more numerous, and so different than so many predicted.

The sting of the change of perspective

Because the series triggered a shock wave. Most of the Germans had of course learned in the more than 30 years since the end of the war about the mass murder of the European Jews, there was a lack in Material. But many of them had not understood the Holocaust emotionally. Only now she divined the suffering, at least a little bit. The highlight of the Holocaust, a change of perspective: The German historiography had dealt primarily with the perpetrators of the mass murder of the Jews was considered a part of the war history of many. In the series, but the Holocaust was well for a wide mass for the first time to see from the point of view of a Jewish family - or better: empathize. The maker in order to producer Robert Berger, Director Marvin J. Chomsky and screenwriter Gerald Green's let this family Know to be civil, urban, assimilated Jews. The figures looked like the people in front of the TV sat, they prayed just a little bit differently, in each of the scenes.

The result was clear: the Crate viewers ' letters were received, most positive. More than 23 000 people are called in the subsequent discussion of items to send and they asked questions, of which you had previously accepted that they had knowledge of General education. Even historians had to admit that their work reached to a few people. Reluctantly, she opened the insight that most people are built in such a way that their brains are facts all too quickly forgotten, if not emotions there.


In a small selection of the many letters that the WDR archive, common audience fear that by broadcasting in the five consecutive days that are interconnected, the third programmes of the ARD to a few Holocaust would have seen. In fact, 20 million watched, almost half of the over 14-Year-old, at least in the first episode. Today, with more than three programs, only the most important football games to exceed this value. The negative letters show how very right-wing and anti-Semitic attitudes were also among ordinary people spread.

"Germans in their simplicity, are not capable of."A spectator

A woman reported about from hear say, American Jews would have forced the Germans, the Holocaust, broadcast, and adds naively: "the?" You have by the way nothing against Jews. A man taps indignant in his typewriter, that the Holocaust represented cruelty can in this country be not yet been invented once had: "German in their simplicity, are not capable of." He knew that his Writing had no purpose, "because of Germany's destruction is a done deal with our enemies." At that time people brought to the case, such a confusion of confessions, even with the postage paid for the letter, to spit instead of in the affect on the Internet.

Rejected prior to the series, a majority of the project, to murder not barred, was the only left, and it was finally law. A wide mass of learned to have compassion for the Jewish Victims. It may be objected, that this is too little, especially if empathy is regarded primarily dead Jews, but not necessarily living at the time, but even that was new. Forty years after the first broadcast, you see the Holocaust against the Background that the memory is re-fought stronger and AfD leader Alexander Gauland, the NS-time as merely a "bird shit" in German history dismisses. By the Verharmloser thus, because the mass has forgotten the facts, or because of the emotional anchor is ripped? Or public discussions, such as the lack of on the occasion of this series?

Refined technique of emotionalising

The legitimate criticism, the Horror of the Holocaust was not by means of entertainment really represented, today is a side note. Some of the largest German TV film and series productions of recent years, including Babylon Berlin, The Ku'damm, use the time before, during or after the Second world war, as a matter of course as the Material. Perhaps the Hitler youth wear now for the Season uniforms, but much of what appeared in the US series at the time, scandalous, German productions. The techniques of emotional today are more sophisticated. German history of television itself as an export hit is long, and abroad it triggers sometimes more serious criticism than at home, like Our mothers, our fathers in Poland.

A not in Germany resulting series about German history, but had effect since the Holocaust in Germany never so much attention - and so big.

WDR television: the Holocaust - part 1, 7. Jan., 22.00, Holocaust Part 2; 8. Jan., 22.10 PM; documentation of How 'the Holocaust' to the television came, 14. Jan. 22.10 PM; Holocaust Part 3, 22.55 PM; Holocaust Part 4, 15. January. 22.10 PM.

NDR television: the Holocaust - part 1; 7. Jan., 22.00; Holocaust - parts 2, 3 and 4; on 14, 21. and 28. Jan., each of 23.15; How 'the Holocaust' to the television came, 16. Jan., 23.45.

SWR Fernsehen: Holocaust, four parts, 9., 16., 23. and 30. Jan. each 22 PM; How 'the Holocaust' to the television came, 16. Jan., 23.35 PM. (editor-in-Tamedia)

Created: 08.01.2019, 17:47 PM

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