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Architecture of Hans Scharoun : buildings lie at anchor

Streamlined was the life of the North sea Hans Scharoun, which is developed for the total plant is now in a monograph by Carsten Krohn. In chronological order,

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Architecture of Hans Scharoun : buildings lie at anchor

Streamlined was the life of the North sea Hans Scharoun, which is developed for the total plant is now in a monograph by Carsten Krohn. In chronological order, Hans Scharoun". Buildings and projects“, the Work, the valuation of Krohn left up to the viewer. With the participation of the Academy of the arts and the Scharoun-Gesellschaft for the first time presented his architectural early work in East Prussia.

Contrary to the modern architecture movement, with its strict geometric forms Hans Scharoun (1893-1972), created an organic architecture, the most in his water-coloured design drawings. From the very beginning of the architectural fantasies of add-on above ground and in their surrounding landscapes. Tree crowns are the same as the stars in the universe. Unfazed by any teaching Architecture and functional design-wise, is the Motto of the seventeen-year-old Bremer student: "The independent architect shall not of sensations but of reflections." His professional desire was different from his father – luckily Hans was not brewing, but a Builder.

Scharoun had to his studies in 1915 cancel

That Scharoun of the ship and port architecture of the North was characterised German origin. attests to the Name "battleship" (1929/30) of his residential settlement in the Siemens city that has, since 2008, a Unesco world heritage site The spatial handling with different levels, the use of bridges, ladders, and bull's-eyes are design elements in its architecture application.

For his built work of Scharoun throws in East Prussia to the first anchor. Due to the unexpectedly rapid invasion of Russian troops in the First world war, the Region suffered considerable damage. From 1915 onwards, an extensive has been given to their reconstruction programme, the Scharoun allowed a managerial job during military service, at the same time, but the demolition of his architecture studies at the TU Berlin meant.

Without the study ever, remained Scharoun to 1925, in Insterburg as a freelance architect. Manor houses, churches, grain storage, and residential buildings belong to this early work, very distinctive in colorful, rhythmic design motifs of conventional reconstructions and filled with life. Current photographs of the editor in the today, the Russian Federation, belonging to the province of on the ruinous state of the early buildings of Scharoun's attention.

Dimitri Suchin wrote the lyrics; the architect is involved in the management of Scharoun-Gesellschaft für the renovation of the listed significant building heritage in present-day Chernyakhovsk, which can be supported by sponsorships (More on this in the Internet under www.pate.instergod.ru). Of these days has declared also for the buildings of the Modern dedicated monument preservation Association docomomo their support for the Insterburger buildings, an important step on the way to sustainable buildings.

The cultural forum in the works of Mies and Scharoun

Scharoun's Bauhaus colleagues Ludwig Mies van der Rohe combine Carsten Krohn 2014 devoted a similar structured monograph. In contrast to those of Mies Scharoun's plans as of follow a rational design process and soft most of the right-angled shapes. Krohn refers to the connection of the two famous pioneers of the Modern, recognized Bruno Taut. This is because, parallel to Mies van der Rohe's first modern brick house in Guben (today Gubin, 1925/27) was the work of Scharoun, a unfortunately not preserved transportable wooden house. Both architects designed so that under application of natural materials for the first time, open and flexible spatial structure.

A connection represents Sergius Ruegen mountain. The architect received his first appointment in the case of Mies van der Rohe. While Mies emigrated to the time of the national socialism in the USA, crafted ostracized, Scharoun, together with the landscape architect Hermann Mattern up to the beginning of the Second world war for private building owners, modern residential as well as factory plants. After that, he took over the management of the urban planning of greater Berlin, where he worked on Mies’ former employees Ruegen mountain.

At the Kulturforum in Berlin, their last works: from Mies to combine the New national gallery, of Scharoun's Philharmonie, the musical instruments Museum and the state library. Here are the two important modernists of the last century, are facing in their buildings.

Enormous range of building types

Krohn a variety of historical documents and photographs published for the first Time, made possible by the cooperation with Eva-Maria bark hofen. She directs at the Academy of the arts, the architecture archive of the former President Scharoun bequeathed with his death in 1972, a considerable number of drawings, plans and writings, so that the Hans Scharoun archive, where it forms the largest Department.

In the enormous range of types of Scharoun, the publication would be to provide a brief Overview of the response of the architect will not be harmed. This should not prevent the reader to be in the spirit of the architect of the inner world of feeling – with a spirit of discovery through its well-known Berlin buildings, with concern, in view of the dilapidated building in Kaliningrad, the former Königsberg, with curious enthusiasm by its expressive structures and landscapes.

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Early buildings of Hans Scharoun The way to the Philharmonic hall

Bernhard Schulz

Carsten Krohn, Hans Scharoun. Buildings and projects. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 208 pages, 350 ill. 59,95 €.

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