root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement in Africa’ (EUTF Africa)', which is a tool to reduce the phenomena of migration flows and to implement the development of the countries of departure and transit were more exposed.
Less support, more defense. Yet, four years later, the results are slow to be visible. One of the reasons, according to Oxfam, is to be found in the bad management of the fund. The report, “The Trust Fund Eu-Africa caught between the defense of the frontiers and policies of aid” report over the past 4 years, more than 1 billion euro, 26% of total aid, have been diverted from their humanitarian purpose“, to finance a national policy of brutal containment of migration flows”. An example of the ineffectiveness of the project is the small percentage intended to finance migration channels regular: € 56 million (less than 1.5% of the total value of the Trust Fund).
The bottom. Born in Valletta in 2015, following the summit of euro-african Trust fund was intended to 23 african countries. Unlike what happens for other european funds, the european Parliament has no power of control over the Trust Fund. The resources come mainly from the european development Fund and other initiatives aimed at development.
Scandal Libya . As always happens when we speak of european initiatives on migration, Libya plays a role of first floor. In the negative. Of the more than 4.5 billion euros allocated, have been allocated € 328 million, thus becoming the first beneficiary, with priority on countries such as Somalia and Niger. But not only that. Of these, 160,13 million have explicitly been used for the management of migratory flows and the strengthening of the frontiers, which were used to finance the libyan coast Guard, rea from time management to say the least, full of the shadows of the migratory flows. According to the ngos, during the last three years, “has worked in the sea to return, in three years, about 40 thousand men, women, and innocent children to the ‘lager ' libyan’, where they are daily exposed to torture and abuse unspeakable”.
“The flexible nature of the Trust Fund, " explains Paolo Pezzati, policy advisor to the migration crisis of Oxfam Italy - in fact allows for individual states to pursue their priorities of internal policy, closing the borders and speeding up deportations. The result is that they end up in the second plan the objectives of improving the living conditions of african populations, of economic growth and development, that may at the root and prevent the need to migrate”.