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Afghanistan, nine children killed or maimed every day: the side effects of a war that has lasted 18 years
the ROME - In the first 9 months of 2019, every day - on average - were killed or mutilated 9 children, an increase of 11% compared to the same period in 2018, mainly because of a surge of suicide bombings and fighting on the ground, between the forces of pro-and anti-government. In short, the "side effects" of a war that has lasted for 18 years in a Country that has experienced a "long tradition" of military conflicts, beginning with the one between the Emirate of Afghanistan and the british Empire, which began in 1839 and ended in 1842. To make the point on the consizione current of the afghan children is the dossier entitled “Preserving Hope in Afghanistan: Protecting children in the world's most lethal conflict” (“the preservation of hope in Afghanistan: Protecting children in conflict the most lethal in the world”), distributed by Unicef to frame the dramatic consequences of war on children.

in The dossier. Between 2009 and 2018, approximately 6,500 children were killed and other 15 were injured, more or less severe, undergoing in many cases, mutilation. Today, 3 million 800 thousand children are in need of humanitarian assistance, 600 thousand of them have less than 5 years, in severe state of malnutrition; one girl in three is married before turning 18 years of age; 30% of children involved in child labour. In addition to the direct impacts of the violence, according to UNICEF, the lives of the children was marked by the combined effects of natural disasters, poverty and underdevelopment.

A year lethal. “for the dreadful standard of Afghanistan, 2019, has been especially deadly for children,” says the executive director of UNICEF, Henrietta Fore. “The children, their families and communities suffer the terrible consequences of the conflict every single day. Those same children that want to grow, go to school, learn and build a future. We can, and must, do much more to strengthen their extraordinary courage and ability to withstand all this.”

employment prospects. Are 400 thousand young afghans who are entering the labour market each year, but many do not have the necessary professional skills to find work and means of subsistence. “The young afghans need to know that their career prospects go beyond the join an armed group or to leave the Country to find their fortune elsewhere,” says Aboubacar Kampo, UNICEF representative in Afghanistan. “With the right support, they can begin to break free from the cycle of violence and underdevelopment, and create a better future for themselves and Afghanistan.”

steps forward. Through working with its partners, Unicef is providing care to 277mila children severely malnourished (but the tip to reach the other 300 thousand), is pushing local communities to address negative social norms that lead to honor killing, domestic abuse and violence. Important to the commitment that is bringing forward to help approximately 2.8 million afghans affected by severe drought last year, using systems sustainable water gravity fed and solar power. There is still much to be done: in Afghanistan, only 64% of the population has access to safe drinking water, protected from external contamination.

The appeal . It is two-fold: to all parties in the conflict, in order to put an end to the attacks against schools and health centers, and allow access to humanitarian assistance; to donors, to work together to support the work of Unicef in Afghanistan. The Unicef needs of 323 million dollars to support the operations in Afghanistan in 2020, of which 75% has not been funded.

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