do Not pause to Feed the sense of self-efficacy and the confidence to be able to handle a situation potentially traumatic as that of the cancer can be a weapon of great help, which improves our psychological state, emotional and therefore physical: “The patient comes in contact with personal experiences about the disease and research sharing, with the goal not to completely pause your life and maintaining small projects, will be a patient as adherent to therapy – explains the expert -, a patient with less tendency to anxiety and depression, and, probably, with one's psycho-physical state the best. All factors that play on our side because they can contribute to the improvement of prognosis and reduction of risk of relapse”.
share on Your social however, it is Not possible to give a unique answer on how to deal with “the best” cancer: “there is No instruction manual on what is more or less the right thing to do, both for the patients and family members. Instead, we should think of as a ‘crop’ for each patient, the location of care that best responds to their needs, also through an adequate intervention psiconcologico that all of the guidelines, national and international, considered as an essential element of any cancer center,” noted Carnival. He adds: “This is because the reactions can be influenced by several factors, such as their personality, their emotional support that you receive, in other words, your own story. We think about who tells the disease through social. It is a tool that can be useful because it allows you to feel part of a group, even if virtual, which gives the opportunity to share with someone our fears, our experiences: there is an identification in the other, in those who for example, has already lived our own disease and understands deeply what we feel and how we feel. But not all are ready to tell and to tell, in the same way the media could convey messages, not all of the sick people they identify or generate false beliefs about the disease itself.”
Respect their time A look you should rather consider, in reference to the personalisation of care, time personal, often different from the time medical and surgical: “Give time to the person to be conscious of the change that is going through, recognize their own emotions, learn how to make contact with the negative ones,” says Carnival. That noted: “Often we tend to represent those who face cancer like a warrior...respect, but not fully agree with this metaphor of battle, a battle which signalled the losers and the winners. Who does not heal is not a loser, patients often feel inadequate, even guilty about not being able to adhere to these standards of role that, perhaps, make the whole thing more acceptable to those around than to the patient himself”.
Learn to talk about where to start From, then, when you receive a cancer diagnosis? “By sharing with your family, your friends, those who we feel might just know how to listen and be able to be there in that moment,” answers the expert. At the same time give us the opportunity to learn, to ask, to delegate small tasks of everyday life to those it makes available, but also trying to not put in a full stand-by every aspect of our lives. It is from here that we can begin to make sense of what is happening: “Often do long-term projects can create anxiety in patients, because, of course, the fears and the thoughts of how to evolve the disease may not be neglected. Instead, what can help is to be a small but possible goals those goals in the short term, how to plan a week-end as soon as you feel better, to engage in a creative activity or, simply, trying to keep as much as possible, the daily habits, such as the desire not to leave inevitably the work, and the rhythms of family, the life of the couple. Of course, the different stages of a disease require continuous readjustments, what is defined as the distress associated with cancer is an aspect that practitioners should monitor in order to contribute to the best possible fit”.
The non-recognition of distress in cancer patients is also disadvantageous from the point of view of health professionals, beyond that of the patient himself, from the moment that produces numerous negative effects on the process of care: “it Is related to a lesser adherence to treatment, can hinder and compromise the doctor-patient relationship can complicate the processes of decision-making with respect to the disease, can lead to delays and reductions in the doses of anti-cancer therapies,” continues the Carnival.
In this sense, it is important to give patients the opportunity to feel active in the care pathway, part of the team: for example, try to follow the correct life-styles can certainly help to 360°. “The change in their health behaviors, however, built together, and should be supported, and must not become a source of further stress,” explains the expert. Rules that are too rigid can be the signal of too much control, put in place where the life itself appears to be not more completely under their control. “For these reasons, concludes the Carnival - the psychological intervention acts in the ability to activate personal resources, working on sick people and on the organisations and the network that takes care of them, in the common objective of promoting all those protective factors and addressing the synergy of the disease in a way that is meaningful and potentially transformative”.
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