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A look to the outside to improve the government's own cultural

"do you have Spain with the proper management of cultural governance?". With this question, Marta González Novo, director of the program in Today Madrid, cadena SER, has given way, as moderator, to the X Forum of the Cultural Industries, held this Thursday in the Congress of Deputies. "Not enough, there's a big job, a big challenge," has picked up the baton and responded deliberately, Lluís Bonet, director of the program of Cultural Management at the University of Barcelona. And opens the debate on the territorial management of this area.

While Patricia Gabeiras, a doctor of Law of the Culture of Spain, has addressed the reality of the sector in Spain "from the optimism and unapologetic", as she has pointed out; Bonet has defined the model as "well then seized and old". "Spain is a country with a huge cultural and linguistic diversity. What it costs to fit a single schema, with a society that is increasingly complex," he added in his paper on Models of Governance of Culture. A dialogue with Canada and Germany, understood that governance, the balance between civilian environment, State and economic environment.

In this dialog have also been involved Alexandre Couture Gagnon, a specialist in the cultural policies of Canada, and Mario Kölling, phd in the department of Political Science at the UNED, which addresses the perspective of the German Government. With models, clearly differentiated, the former with a nature strongly decentralized, and the second, hosted by the federal Republic. Couture has featured the character “independent of the cultural policy of Canada”, where “each province manages its cultural diversity.” And he has explained the particular case of Quebec, “closely identified in the national identity and the French language”. Kölling, for its part, has said that the model of cultural management in Germany is characterized by three elements: “The cultural federalism cooperative, shared competences and a management unit, and is very different to that of Canada”.

in the Face of these models, Gabeiras has argued "that there is a good scheme, a good base, and what is missing is the capacity to develop it the right way". In its turn, has highlighted the character “a decentralized system of culture Spanish, in which the autonomous communities, provincial councils and local entities have the skills needed". In the framework of the 40 years of cultural policy democratic, has sought to highlight the importance that has had this period Piabet to contribute to the social cohesion and the development of the country.

however, and despite those competencies required, cultural products are concentrated in Madrid and Catalonia. For example, in terms of theater performances, one of each is celebrated in these autonomous communities, which also account for 52.8% of the attendees, and 72.8% of the collection, according to the Yearbook of the SOCIETY referred to 2015. In regards to the presence of cinemas, 17.7 million of spaniards, more than a third of the population, live in a locality where there are no cinemas fixed, according to a report by AIMC (Association for the research of the Media). This statistic refers mostly to the municipalities of less than 50,000 inhabitants, however, there are exceptions such as Móstoles (206.589 inhabitants), Parla (125.898), Algeciras (121.133) or Santa Coloma de Gramanet (117.597).

The Foundation Alternatives and the Santillana Foundation have been the organizers of this session, which is held since 2009, and has complied with its tenth edition. With this meeting seeks to exchange information with the professionals of the sector and show the problems and challenges that they face. “Our intention has been to bring to the world of culture the possibility of a voice that, over and above the urgent needs of guilds, to be able to express what you think and waiting for her extensive network of professionals,” according to organizers.

The ceremony has been inaugurated by Manuel Gutierrez Aragon, patron of the Foundation Alternatives; Laura Harpern, vice-president of the Jesús Serra Foundation; James Smith, programming director of Acción Cultural Española; Adriana Moscoso del Prado Hernández, director general of Cultural Industries and Cooperation; and Emiliano Martinez, vice-president of the Santillana Foundation. The day finished with a discussion between Emilio del Rio, of the PP; the socialist José Juan Díaz, Eduardo Maura, we Can; and Marta Rivera, of Citizens. In the meeting have discussed the lack of a basic law on culture, the need for greater management capacity, the lack of a law of patronage, or hybrid models of governance of culture.

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