BERLIN (Dagbladet): Pink Gmbh the death of the 15. January 1919 was as a makaber scene in the very popular tv-series "Babylon Berlin": the political, brutal and carried out by the same militaristene which 14 years later was to drop Hitler to power.
Rosa Luxemburg had many years before the war created a name for himself as a commentator and provider of the conditions for a european folkeopprør against kingdoms and klassesamfunn – the preconditions for political and economic oppression, as she saw it.
Born in the Polish , the jewish middle class in the russiskkontrollerte part of the country, she got in 1871 the name Rozalia Luksenburg. She was unusually sharp in school, and was allowed to study in Warsaw.
from There, she had to eventually walk away, because she was deeply involved in the social-democratic activities. Invitations to make insurrection against the oppressors, meant that she had to flee to Switzerland – where it was more politics and studies in botany, mathematics, language.
Luxemburg found herself both listeners and influential supporters, when she at the beginning of the century moved to Berlin and became active in the SPD – the German social democratic party. Also where could she fret the shit out of people with views like that freedom must also apply to people with other opinions.
The past few years before the first world war, the fight she against all those who wanted a military showdown with arvefiendene in Europe. Then also the SPD could push to vote in the Reichstag for a huge loan to rearmament, had they been supporters on the road against a cruel conflict.
She left the SPD and joined to formed a utbryterparti. Already before the war, she was first detained and convicted for seditious activities, and incitement to treason. In the course of the war she spent most of the time behind the lock and turn.
When the first world war was lost, had to the generals – as the last two war years in practice had also ruled the German civil society – to hand over power to democratic politicians. The emperor was gone and the social democrats, did form a government. At the end of the war, did the sailors in Kiel in open rebellion against their parents. Soon spread the rebellion to most other big cities in the country.
It was sosialdemokraten Gustav Scheidemann as the first reached to proclaim the German republic. Later in the day did the communist Karl Liebknecht the same.
the social democrats, had to balance between the strong sympathy for the rebels ' demands for a rettferdigere society on the one hand and on the other hand, a real fear that the great forces with returning frontsoldater could be used for a military coup.
Secretary of defense Gustav Norwegian was the most central actor. He kept on one side in contact with the military, while he on the other pretended that he absolutely and entirely was venstresidas representative in the cynical game that followed.
Rosa Luxemburg was set at liberty and able to return to Berlin, where she found her old kampfelle Karl Liebknecht. The two tried to get stacked on the legs of a communist party and argued well in their own publications for the open fight against capitalism and the bourgeoisie.
But it was poorly with the common people's support. They were sjeleglade that the war eventually ended, and did not understand correctly why they should throw themselves into a new and bloody conflict – even a civil war. They knew neither how krigsmotstander Luxembourg might suddenly become the advocate for a bloody battle between countrymen.
At the beginning of January 1919 obsessed with "the red" important government offices in Berlin and declared that they had taken over. They were too few and too poorly equipped to be able to succeed, but Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht were still with. It should not even go two weeks before the "frikorps" indented and cleared the city.
Everything was really over , when general Waldemar Pabst received a message in his headquarters at a hotel in West-Berlin that a borgervern had found Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht on a dekkadresse in the vicinity.
In a phone conversation between general Pabst and the minister of defence, Norwegian, asked the general about a direct order to kill the two internationally well-known kommunistlederne. Norwegian refused it and believed that Pabst himself had to decide what was going to happen.
the Soldiers left off fix the banged Liebknecht in the Tiergarten and killed him there, "shot during fluktforsøket", as it was called afterwards.
Rosa Luxemburg was defeated twice in the head with a geværkolbe and shot through the head, before the perpetrators threw the corpse into the canal, where it was first found several months later.
19. June 1919 was in the tens of thousands met up, when the ark was carried to the last resting place in the cemetery in Friedrichshein. Those who half a year earlier would not be with her to make the revolution, came now Rosa Luxembourg to the grave. She had been a celebrity in the living live, but already now she was become a myth, a symbol.
Those involved were tried in a military court and acquitted. He who shot, ran away to Finland and stayed there until the nazis came to power in Germany. Then he could return home and – eventually – become a colonel in the Luftwaffe. General Pabst was never prosecuted. He ran during and after the war with arms in great style.
When the GDR state in 1949 was a fact, was Rosa Luxemburg run forward as one of the major heroes in the communist party's history. Her scriptures, which she, among other things warns against the oppressive, soviet model was correct enough not recommended as suitable reading for the party's kader, and was hardly possible to get started. And this with respect for the other's freedom, was also not good tone in the east German worker and farmer paradise.
even after the Wall fell, Pink and Karl still to be icons for arvtakerpartiet die Linke, which has its head office in the Karl Liebknecht Haus at the Rosa Luxemburg Platz. It is the tact and tone that everything that can creep and go of the old and new communists, meet on the anniversary of the killings and goes in a parade to the tomb on the Sosialistkirkegården.
So it was on the (near-) anniversary last Sunday, when thousands gathered to flap their red flags and cheer their dead heroes.
One blogger observes dryly that Rosa Luxemburg must be the German history that most have heard of – but that no longer have a clue what she stood for.
That she is still polarising, and there is no doubt. In the local newspaper B. Z. is the slots – also this year – opened for commentators who warn against the "romantiseringen". For we must not forget that she first and foremost was a communist.