Fight against smoking, the main risk factor of lung cancer “prevention is a key weapon that can help reduce the risk of illness for those who are still healthy, and reduce relapses for those who already had the cancer,” explains Saverio Cinieri, President-elect of the Italian Association of medical oncology (Aiom). He adds: “From time to time, tobacco control is one of the main strategies put in place to reduce the risk of developing various diseases for oncology, first of all to the lung, and this is an aspect not to be underestimated. But it should be certainly pointed out as well as this well-known risk factor, there are other, equally important, but less well-known”.
Reduce the weight For example obesity, which, together with the smoke, is one of the main preventable causes of cancer: “This condition is associated with an increased risk of many types of cancer, such as breast, ovary, endometrium, oesophagus, colon and prostate,” says Cinieri. For a very simple reason: “excess body fat alters our metabolism and certain hormones, and induces a state of chronic inflammation. A recent american study – continues the expert – has also shown how childhood obesity is a health problem on which to act quickly: be obese by small means have a higher risk of getting cancer under 40 years”.
Attention to the sugar hidden, “it is Not enough to reduce the consumption of complex sugars. Often we do not realize it, but also the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sodas should be avoided, especially among young people, because it can facilitate the increase in the weight. We must not forget that in our Country we have the good fortune of being able to follow a healthy diet like the mediterranean diet,” continues the expert.
Fruits and vegetables, strictly seasonal, The council, however, is to not overdo it with the pasta and the meat that they have taken more and more space on our tables, removing however, in the place of the fruits and vegetables of the season: “the Less red meat a maximum of once or twice a week to protect our health, remembering that we can assume the protein is also consuming eggs, fish, and legumes,” explains Cinieri: “More fruit and vegetables, then, but only in season, to avoid taking chemical preservatives: these are the allies irreplaceable against cancer, on the one hand because they increase the sense of fullness, and then lead us to eat less of the amount due, on the other hand, research on cells in vitro has emerged as an effort to prevent molecular damage inside the cells. A healthy and balanced diet, as well as the exposure to the sun, is enough to make us ensure the vitamins and nutrients necessary for our body, without the need of resorting to food supplements which may contain chemicals harmful for the health. Remembering always prefer extra virgin olive oil, butter, and drinking alcohol in moderation”.
it Is time to move to Pay attention to its weight it is one of the main motto, which can also be controlled with physical activity: “Many patients – continues the expert – tell me they don't have time to go to the gym, do a sport, or even dedicate half an hour per day in a fast walk, the main advice to keep in good health”. Yet, it is easy to find the time to fight the sedentary lifestyle, for example, preferring a flight of stairs instead of the elevator, to go shopping or go to work on foot, if possible. Small details that can make all the difference: “it Is now known that inactivity can open the door to the development of multiple neoplasms, such as those of the stomach, pancreas, colon, but also those related to hormones, so the breast, prostate, ovary and thyroid,” noted Cinieri.
Play in advance To reduce the possibility of getting sick is also good to use some useful strategies that you can put in the field from an early age to protect the skin when exposed to sunlight, to prevent sunburn, taken from little may pave the way for the emergence of skin tumors, such as melanoma, but most importantly protect the health through the use of certain vaccines that reduce the risk of developing certain cancers: “The vaccination against the virus that can facilitate the emergence of neoplasms, as the Hpv and hepatitis B, are preventive tools that are giving good coverage results, with the aim of preventing as much as possible, the spread of cancer of the cervix, vagina, anus and mouth, and liver in case of hepatitis. In Australia, for example, the wide vaccination coverage has allowed us to significantly reduce the incidence of cancers related to Hpv, as well as the growth of vaccinations against the hepatitis B virus can help to protect yourself from infection, which affects over 250 million people in the world”.
A race to armaments needed in the fight against cancer, in view of the predictions that epidemiologists are on the increase in cases of cancer: “In the coming years, " concludes Cinieri – in the western world, we will observe an increase in the incidence of cancer because, thanks to early diagnosis, can be found before the cancer. We think of the mammogram, the colonoscopy, more in the coming years, it is possible that we will also have test useful for screening of lung cancer, such as spiral Ct, the effectiveness of which as a preventive strategy in smoking is at the moment tested in clinical studies”.
"The Republic will fight always in defense of the freedom of information, to its readers and to all those who have at heart the principles of democracy and civil coexistence"Carlo Verdelli SUBSCRIBERS TO REPUBLIC © Reproduction reserved Today over the 2010-2019: what will remain of these Ten years? Young people, the environment, and policy: the decade seen from the signatures of the Republic Cease to protect us from the fatigue of the match Count: “Rest in policy, I will not be another Cincinnato” Zingaretti: “Now the reconstruction of the Country with growth and social justice”