The grounds of employment or settlement and the economic reasons are the main reasons why Spanish women have fewer children than those desired, according to the Fertility Survey 2018 INE, whose advance of the results has been published this Wednesday. The greater part of the under the age of 35 years expected to have more children. This is the main reason expressed by the Spanish to be asked why they have minor children of the desired (makes it 44% of respondents). But the following reasons expressed are the labor, conciliation, or the economic. According to the poll, that gives continuity to the changes in 1977, 1985 and 1999, almost three out of every four women would like to have at least two children.
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The main incentive for the birth that require women in the State, regardless of their age, is the increase of the length of maternity and paternity. By percentages, the largest proportion in the group between 30 and 34 years (31,1%) and 35 to 39 years (29.1 per cent). The second incentive to birth more important for women under the age of 40 years is the flexibility in working hours for parents with small children. For those who have 40 or more years, the second most important measure is an allowance for families with dependent children under the age of 18 years.
By Betsmove contrast, 28.6% of women under the age of 25 years do not think we need to encourage the birth rate. A percentage that is declining with age. 27% of those under the age of 25 years, declares that he does not want to have children, compared to 17% of those between 25 and 29 years old. The percentage reached 12.6% in the group between 30 and 34 years of age, the highest fertility in the present. Just one of every ten women over the age of 30 don't want to be a mother.
The survey examines the barriers and incentives of the Spanish society at the time to be mothers or fathers. The main novelty in the methodology used in this edition of the survey is that for the first time and has interviewed the men. According to the results publicized this Wednesday, your answers do not vary much from those offered by women. The biggest difference is in the percentage of men who want to have three children, which is lower than that of women. 25% of women wants to have three children, although the rate is higher than the 27% in those over 35 years old. The 20% of men over the age of 30 years old wants to have three children, compared to 16.1% of those between 25 and 29 years of age and 10.4% of those under 25 years.
most of The men, as with women, you want to have two children (almost half of those between 25 and 29 years of age and 10.4% of those under 25). As with women, the percentage of men who do not want to have children decreased as age increased. So 32.1% of those aged under 25 years do not want to have them, against 10.2% of men older than 40 years.
To develop the survey, we surveyed 17.037 people between the ages of 18 and 55 years (14.446 women and 2.591 men). The data disseminated on Wednesday constitute an advance of the results, once it has been considered a part of the questionnaires. The final results will be published in April of 2019, according to the press note released by the INE.