IN the city, temperatures are less rigid in comparison to last year, but who goes in the week or in cold zones, you should remember to protect the skin. When it falls the temperature pulls and is more dry. The hands and lips crack. And the strong wind of these days makes the situation worse. Then if you go to the snow, the extreme changes between the cold of the slopes and the warmth of the interiors creates a micro-trauma at the level of the capillaries of the face with redness and irritation. In short, the epidermis, the skin needs to ‘gear up’ to react to the cold. The effects of the cold on the face the face is The body part most exposed to the external environment. During the winter it is easier for the skin to come to the phenomena of dryness, dehydration, redness, loss of elasticity. "It happens because the cold, the wind, UV rays and other atmospheric phenomena typical of the cold season, they alter and damage the hydrolipidic film, i.e. the protective film covering the stratum corneum allowing barrier function of the skin,” explains Leonardo Celleno
, dermatologist and president of the Italian Association of Dermatology and Cosmetology (Aideco). “Without defenses, the skin is the most weak and easily permeable to substances and external agents such as germs and bacteria”. Anti-oxidants to defend the skin from the smog In the winter also increases the smog, especially if you live in the big city. In addition to the lungs, the skin also suffers from some of the consequences of environmental pollution. Among the various negative consequences caused by the smog there is the production of free radicals, responsible for premature aging of the skin, which loses brightness and looks grey and dull. Not only that, increase skin blemishes and discolouration, but also couperose and rosacea. “In order to protect the skin - dermatologist - it is essential for the first thing to use cosmetic products formulated with antioxidant substances such as vitamins and polyphenols, which can combat the proliferation of free radicals and of metallo-proteinase (MMP), responsible for the degeneration of tissues and cells”. The beauty-winter routine starts by cleansing, Just like we do with the clothing, choosing garments that protect us from the cold, in the same way we have to adapt the daily beauty routine. The fundamental steps are: cleansing, hydration and photo-protection (even though we are in winter). The cleansing should be done morning and night, using products suited to your type of skin: “those Who have a dry skin - suggests Celleno - should orientate themselves towards products that are more ‘fats’ such as oils or cleansers, vice versa, for those who have a mixed skin/greasy best to choose gel formulations, read more”. Deep moisturizing and sunscreen After cleansing you need to hydrate the skin through the use of cosmetic products formulated with functional ingredients able to retain water inside the skin (e.g. hyaluronic acid) and substances capable of reconstructing the hydrolipidic film is damaged (for example, ceramides, waxes, butters). Finally, the photo - protection": “The skin should not be protected from the sun during the summer season only, but during the winter,” says the dermatologist. “It is well, therefore, apply in the morning specific creams or products for make-up containing filters-screens Uv”. Chapped hands: not only because of the cold And’ typical ' when it is very cold hands screpolino, but this does not happen only because of the low temperatures, but also because of the prolonged contact with water and detergents and/or detergents, formulated with substances that are too aggressive. “Even in this case, the reason for this is due to the fact that the epidermis loses its protective film and of the consequences of his defenses. Have cracked hands during the winter is infrequent, nevertheless it is well not to neglect this phenomenon because it may be an indicator of real dermatological diseases such as dermatitis or psoriasis.” To avoid the problem of chapped hands is a good idea to use gloves and apply several times a day a nourishing cream/emollient. Scrubs, masks and moisturisers for the lips and Also the lips, which are very delicate and sensitive, suffer particularly in the cold and low temperatures; in fact, often, during the winter they tend to crack and form small filaments which, if removed, leave the place to ‘scratches’, more or less painful. How can I fix it? “Exfoliate your lips with products like the scrub, you can remove the unsightly cuticles, i.e. the cells desquamanti present on the surface layer. The lips are beginning to appear more soft and smooth, and the application of lipstick, gloss and/or balm for the lips will be facilitated”, suggests Celleno. It is also useful to apply after the exfoliation, moisturizing mask, specific for the lip area.
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