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In 5-10% of cases, falls result in fractures, head trauma and injuries that can be accompanied by anxiety and depression. In most of the cases depend on the loss of balance, some types of medications taken, the obstacles present in the home, or by poor lighting. However, 30% of elderly people arrives in the emergency room for a fall is not explained and, in this case, in half of the cases the reason is a syncope due to cardiovascular.
to Locate these individuals is the task of the Unit "Syncope and Falls" in the emergency room. Together with Ireland, Italy has been the first european Country to activate them in 4 cities: the forerunner has been the Careggi Hospital of Florence. "Here the elderly - explains Andrea Ungar, head of the Falls and Syncope Unit of the Careggi - thanks to a team consisting of geriatrician and cardiologist are subjected to numerous exams to see if, at the source of the fall, there is an alteration of the cardiac rhythm or structural heart disease. The assessment by the 'team anti-fall' can halve the risk of hospitalizations later, with a reduction in health care costs that comes to more than a third".
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