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7 percent of the Italian do extreme diets: for pregnant women alert to neurological damage in fetuses
Diets vegetarian and vegan are consolidated habits in the beautiful country, but what are the consequences of these styles of food on the health of the fetuses before, of infants and of infants after? Photography from the Beginning of 2019, it seems, a question is negligible, since the restrictive diets concern, in total 7% of the population: 5.4% of italians are vegetarian, and 1.9% are vegan. If it speaks to you today at the first congress unit of Pediatrics in the lazio region promoted by the regional sections of the Sip, Sin, and Simeup, Andrea Vania, adjunct professor of pediatrics and head of the Centre for dietetics and paediatric nutrition at the Policlinico Umberto I of Rome.

"Are treated as extreme those diets in which there are restrictions of food groups enough pressure, and more restrictions are numerous, and the most we can say that the diet is extreme. The problem is not the extremism itself - clarifies Vania - because these diets are followed on the basis of ethical choices on which we can say nothing. Everyone is free to choose their own ways, and ethical. The problem consists, instead, in to be followed by people who are capable and expert in nutrition, according to the different moments of the life. Pregnancy can be the gynecologist, the pediatrician if the lady has already had other children, it may be his doctor or a nutritionist. In short, we need a person who knows how to handle it to avoid making blunders that have important negative effects on the fetus".

"The two micronutrients that are the most critical from this point of view, "relate to the dha of the omega 3, as well as one of the b-group vitamins, or vitamin b12. They are both mainly from the animal world and the vegan - continues Vania - as anyone who follows a diet very restrictive, they have problems in them. On the alternative products the specialist recommends that you "make attention to see if they work. The lack of these two micronutrients, or low levels, may result in damage, especially neurological already in the fetus, then the newborn child. Then the iron is another micronutrient that may represent a criticality. "It is for those people who follow a diet that is not itself poor in iron, if we think of the vegetables and all the green vegetables which contain so much - adds the nutritionist - because the problem is to be able to obtain it in sufficient quantities to cover the needs in pregnancy, both the mother's and the fetus'.

The families that follow a eating habits restricted "must be followed by people who know how to handle this type of power supply, to advise them of the supplements right. Are the types of power they need to force integration in various aspects, and - warns the doctor - do not take this into account and think that you can do everything "to carlona", unfortunately, will result in a small child almost inevitably damage not only in the short term, and therefore recoverable. In some cases, it is long-term damage and unrecoverable, as the neurological damage. The central nervous system is formed in a very short period of life - remember Vania - called critical window of development. If in that critical window when I make mistakes during but important, that damage that you will may not be exceeded, even if I am speaking on back with an appropriate. That the damage that is already there is will remain, he concluded, can I restrict it, stop it but it will be hard to go back."

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