After more than three months of discussions, the experimentation of the limitation of electrical power for certain individuals finally has its decree. The text was finally published on December 30. To avoid a “blackout”, the government and the electricity network manager have increased initiatives for more than a year, ranging from sobriety to energy efficiency, including measures to limit consumption. for companies. From now on, individuals could also be concerned, if the test were to be conclusive and if necessary.
Indeed, since 18 months and the first fears about France's capacity to meet its electricity needs, the situation has changed. EDF's nuclear electricity production has jumped from 279 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2022 to more than 300 TWh this year. In addition, the levels of hydroelectric dams are at their highest. On the consumption side, messages about the need to be more sober and to prioritize energy efficiency have borne fruit, with a reduction of more than 10% between 2022 and 2023. Finally, mild temperatures help to limit consumption. Although cooler weeks could change things.
If all existing measures were not enough, individuals could therefore see their access to electricity limited, with a power of at least 3 kilovolt-amperes (kVA), enough to light a light bulb, an electric heater and recharge a smartphone. For each customer, the duration of this limitation will not exceed two consecutive hours. “The manager of the public electricity distribution network does not apply the withdrawal limitation to the delivery points of residential customers identified as patients at high vital risk,” specifies the decree. Individuals will be informed by post and their suppliers by e-mail. This decree is accompanied by an order delimiting the scope of the experiment to the Puy-de-Dôme department only.