It is a blurred notion, and yet essential. In its latest estimates on the unemployment rate, Insee reports that the "halo" around unemployment has increased 59.000 people in three months, comprising a total of 1.7 million individuals. Sharp increase in 2019 (91.000 people in a year), his rate has now reached 4% of the population aged 15-64 years, "its highest level since 2003". But that is precisely what"halo"?see also : "Neet": almost 1 million young French people without prospects in 2018
The statisticians of the Insee separate it from the other notions, such as the sub-job, for example. They define it as the number "not working is not unemployed within the meaning of the international labour Office (ILO), but being in a situation that is similar to it". This concept is relatively blurred allows to overcome the weaknesses of the general rate calculated on the basis of the definition of unemployment according to the ILO, considered too strict by the Insee, to the extent that "some of the interactions it may have with the job" are not taken into account by this indicator. "The borders between employment, unemployment and inactivity are not always easy to establish," recalls the institution: for example, a student working a few hours per week is not unemployed, stricto sensu, but is close to it.
Insee divided the halo into three components: the inactive people seeking employment but are not available in the two weeks, those seeking a job, available to take one in two weeks but are not actively looking, and those expressed a wish to work, but not seeking actively for a job and not being available to take one. The whole of these cases to the border of the unemployed, strictly speaking, form the "halo" around unemployment".
" see also - Lower unemployment: should it be welcomed?