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Visual anti-Semitism : a collector passes an archive of anti-Semitic images of the TU Berlin

When his parents were deported in 1944 from Antwerp to Auschwitz, was Arthur Langerman is not even two years old. More than 30 of his next of kin have been murd

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Visual anti-Semitism : a collector passes an archive of anti-Semitic images of the TU Berlin

When his parents were deported in 1944 from Antwerp to Auschwitz, was Arthur Langerman is not even two years old. More than 30 of his next of kin have been murdered by the Nazis. Only the mother survived the camp, and found him after the war in an orphanage. To learn the Incomprehensible to comprehend, to process the persecution and extermination of the European Jews and of his family, wore the Belgians since 1961, a huge Arsenal of artifacts of the visual anti-Semitism.

Today, the Brussels-based son has Polish-Jewish immigrants, the world's largest collection of images of Jew-hatred-hatred propaganda. The pieces come from different eras, from the 17. Century to the present, from Western and Central to Eastern Europe and the Arab region. The majority but to the period between 1890 and 1945, to be dated as of the biologistic anti-Semitism had a phase of his ultimately murderous.

Material for educational work and exhibitions

Now Arthur Langerman has his now the 9000 individual pieces counting collection to the Berlin centre for antisemitism research (ZfA) at the Technical University of Berlin pass. The Material for a while, the ZfA is in digital Form already available, not only as the source base and research base. Also, for the education and exhibition work, it is to be used in future.

In the event the Transfer of the collection to the TU-Berlin on Wednesday, Arthur Langerman explained how urgent and highly topical, the fight against anti-Semitism. The education of the youth, for the purpose of containment of the recently strong burgeoning age-old resentment had been a Central motive for the Surrender, says Langerman.

today, where Jews flitted enemy images propagated by the Internet, and also parts of pop culture through the ush, it is extremely important, the ways in which learning of anti-Semitic imagery to better understand, said Uffa Jensen, a Professor at the ZfA. The expert in emotion research examines the production of collective emotions such as hate, anger, disgust and fear as "different" - defined groups, such as Jews, Muslims or refugees.

"disgusting images" as a holiday post card

in addition to more than a Thousand hand-drawn sketches, several Hundred posters, as well as countless printed works and paintings, the collection includes Langerman also about 5,000 post cards on which the figure of the Jew are vilified. Particularly revealing are the numerous "disgusting images", which were mostly in the context of holidays and tourism. This is not uncommon with holiday greetings-described view cards of Jews are illustrated mostly as a physical imposition in the public baths. On the appearance of grease, large noses, heavy bodies, and the body, the need for delimitation, and the physical distance should precipitates are produced, says Jensen.

So it is no wonder that the Jews on many images of the early 20th century. Century not only as a Schnorr collector, Bolshevik agents, capitalist puppet masters and the world rags are conspirators, but also as a vermin and monsters shown.

Nazis built on everyday anti-Semitism on

The dazzling Arsenal of anti-Semitic imagery was an ideal starting point for the practice of dehumanization in the Nazi era. So the Nazis were able to build on a traditional culture of everyday anti-Semitism that manifested itself in countless artifacts of beer mugs on walking sticks to postcards. However, the image representations adopted in the NS much more drastic shapes, says Jensen. The exact role of the visual anti-Semitism in the Jew-practice had to be investigated. Arthur Langerman keeps the main signatory of the Nazi sheet "der Stürmer" Philipp Ruprecht, alias Fips, at least for one of the main perpetrators of the Holocaust.

What makes the collection Langerman so unique is its wide dispersion. Here you can explore how certain motifs of a country says to the next and from one time to the other diffused, Jensen. Also on the European context. The fact that the characters of the world of Western anti-Semitism has also influenced the later production of Images of Arab and Iranian provenance, is obvious. And today's cartoons, like those from the "süddeutsche Zeitung" of 21. In February 2014, the Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg as a krummnasigen Kraken showed that docks to a long Tradition.

images must be placed in a context

is probably The most delicate question of how to show these images in the Museum context, to reproduce without the shown hate propaganda. "With a simple caption, it captures such a motive is not," says Jensen. However, such "Hate-Pictures circulated" today, already in the Vastness of the Web. You should not use merely illustrative, but must also talk about the methodology of the images, their fatal effect. A first attempt to contextualize the pictures that showed a student panel exhibition in the atrium of the TU. Accessible to the public, you will be at a later date at the new ZfA-site, in the Kaiserin-Augusta-Allee in Berlin-Moabit, where the Langerman archive is housed.

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center for anti-Semitism research at the TU, such As images of hatred create

Melanie Berger

The governing mayor of the free and science Senator Michael Müller (SPD) said at the Handover of the archive, in the face of rising Numbers of anti-Semitic incidents in Berlin and throughout Germany a "critical and scientific examination of the Holocaust and its causes" is particularly necessary.

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