With the development of the work is facing problems to take it in many highly developed countries. Ironically, those professionals that have required the most Training is often of measures for the improvement of their skills excluded. This applies in advance for the low-skilled people – their jobs are threatened by automation, in particular.
this is the conclusion of the recently published employment Outlook 2019, the Organisation for economic co-operation and development OECD . In the average of all OECD countries, adults with low qualifications, with a 40 percentage points smaller probability of further developments, as the report notes.
Similarly, workers whose Jobs are threatened by automation: your training rate is 30 percentage points lower than those of comparable Workers in less exposed jobs.
"And even if low-skilled people or by automation, workers threatened to continuing education and training, whose quality and relevance are often so low that you simply will not help ( ... )", complain the OECD authors. It is criticized that the education offerings are aligned in said Segment most heavily on the current activities. Thus, they are of little use for a new job, let alone on a new profession to prepare for.
"The problem is also known in Switzerland," says Fabian Maienfisch, spokesman for the state Secretariat for economic Affairs (Seco). "Similar to other OECD countries, people can visit Switzerland without a basic education, less training opportunities than people with an education on upper secondary education or a University degree." For this reason, Maienfisch, location of the focus in the basic vocational education in a high completion rate.
The rise of the robots and the outsourcing of processes to foreign locations, according to the OECD report, the labour market is "polarized". In terms of total employment, has increased the share of the upper skill segment significantly, and the proportion in the lower skill area. Both developments come at the expense of the middle segment, which is increasingly eroded.
in this country, the Trend is away from medium and to high demanding activities: Between 1996 and 2015, the proportion of Occupations with a medium level of requirements to the total employment contracted by about 12 per cent – to the same extent the share of high-skilled activities rose show, as Figures from the Federal statistical office. At the same time, the share of activities with low qualification demands by almost 3 percentage points increased, although to a lesser extent than the OECD average (+5.3 points).
With a view to the further Encroachment of robots, artificial intelligence and the digitization in the world of work, the employment Outlook provides for more "profound, inescapable structural changes" in views. Nevertheless, "in Spite of all the uncertainty we can look to no future without work", stress the authors.
According to the estimates of the OECD are threatened in the next 15 to 20 years, 14 percent of the jobs of automation – "much less, as in some studies it has been claimed", as it says in the report. There was talk about that in the next two decades, almost every second place would be destroyed.
But many Workers will keep their job probably, have to expect drastic changes, for example, because individual activities can be automated. A third of all jobs is affected according to the OECD, in advance in the industry.
Federal checks of more flexible solutions in the social insurance
The report highlights also the risks of employees in atypical employment relationships such as temporary employment contracts, part-time, on-call work or certain forms of self-employment. They often receive only limited rights to continuing education and consultation in case of loss of your work, with unemployment 40 to 50 percent less likely to wage rate and less access to continuing vocational training in companies.
According to Seco spokesman Maienfisch, the social security of persons in atypical work conditions in Switzerland, "pretty good". Nevertheless, the Federal government would like to examine until the end of the year whether more flexible solutions in the case of social insurance were necessary, and appropriate options. To atypical, precarious working conditions, relatively low 2.5 per cent "of the total employment, Maienfisch,".
Created: 02.05.2019, at 23:25