It is the very essence of why the initiative zero carbon Sweden. Sweden to show the world that it is possible to increase the welfare of a country by becoming completely fossil-free.
However, this does not mean that every measure shall be made by each individual country. On the contrary, each country, based on its unique natural conditions to develop his model of a zero carbon society. Therefore, it is extremely strange that the forests of Sweden, with marköverskott the equivalent of about six Öland, scours the market for biofuels. Sweden should instead produce more sustainable fuels, and in the long term, also be able to export some of this to the spirit of countries.
the Introduction of the so-called bränslebyteslagen (reduktionsplikten) have created good conditions to refine side streams from the forest industry through investment in biorefineries. Now requires a decision about the level of the reduction of the carbon impact of propellants shall be approximately 50 per cent in 2030. It is the most important measure to encourage more people to invest in bioraffinaderikapacitet.
An important point to have high climate ambitions when it comes to traffic is precisely to develop its own production of biofuels, so that Sweden can contribute to the larger share of biofuels in the global market. But it also applies to developing the smart transporteffektiva cities can influence the urban transport in cities around the world.
The most important, from a climate point of view must be that the ethanol is replacing fossil fuels as soon as possible. Why would a immediate mixing-in of 10% ethanol in all gasoline (E10) can be a fast way to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide. However, it is not obvious that the ethanol cars to receive the bonus and be included in the new definition of ”car”. Also a diesel car can run on 100 percent renewable in the form of biodiesel, but should not be classed as ”eco-friendly”.
the Bonus system should aim to accelerate the technology shift to the front of the all electric cars. However, it is interesting to investigate if there will be room for a contribution to those who want to convert their petrol car to ethanol. Then the cost is only about 4,000 crowns, it is likely the fastest way to get more cars to run on E85.
It is, however, especially in urban areas as this causes problems and where there are other policy instruments to improve the air. Now, there is the possibility for the municipalities to steer away cars with hazardous emissions from city centres by introducing different environmental zones or, as in Stockholm, by differentiating the congestion charges. Through the conscious control need not air quality in towns and cities become worse, but on the contrary, increased electrification in just the cities that lead to improved urban air.
This I have highlighted in other contexts but focused in this article for reasons of space on what can be done with the road. The interaction between the various modes of transport is of the utmost importance in order to achieve the objectives.
in all, the replicas, after all, on a relatively large consensus about the fundamental points in the proposed strategy, which makes it easier for the policy to take the necessary decisions.