In the midst of the campaign, Emmanuel Macron said that he did not want "that oneFigaro
adds more new rules before having passed in review those that exist, and have no utility." A commitment not necessarily be followed. If, since the beginning of the mandate, the government has enacted measures to combat inflation normative, The Macronomètre in November 2018 and June 2019, believed that the struggle against the excesses of standards was insufficient and that, in tax matters, such as regulatory complexity continues to increase.see also : Macronomètre: reforms Macron sifted
What we offers Parliament on the subject? At the end of November, the parliamentarians voted in favour of the removal of 49 obsolete laws, passed between 1819 and 1940, for a volume that "would be" a year of legislative activity. In fact, by 2018, the official Journal has reinforced 45 laws... But also, and especially, there has been increased 71.521 pages, 1267 decrees and 8327 stopped regulatory. Our parliamentarians are on the attack, therefore, to a drop of water in the ocean of legislation that governs us. Remember also, that at the present time, in France, the extent of our stock of normative still an unknown. It would be composed of 400,000 standards, among which 11.500 laws and 120,000 orders distributed in 62 different codes. The 49 laws abolished at the end of November, therefore, represent 0.4% of the stock of French laws and 0.01% of the stock of a normative total.
How this"package" of laws to remove has it been determined? Due to the work of the "Bureau of repeal of the old statutes unnecessary" (or the mission called "the Broom"), which was created by the Senate in January 2018. Note that these laws which still existed in the text of the law were not applied. One thus finds there: a law on the punching of density meters for control of the richness of the beet, a law establishing the obligation to use an alcoholmeter "centesimal Gay-Lussac", a law governing the societies of patronage of liberated prisoners (companies that have disappeared in the middle of the 20th century), a law concerning the repression of fraud in the trade of butter and the manufacture of margarine...What is the interest to remove laws that are not enforced?
Of obsolete laws, therefore... and we can understand why our parliamentarians balk at this task of rationalization. Erwan Balanant, rapporteur of the text, precisely, the laments: "in fact, One can wonder about the interest to remove laws that have become obsolete, which, by definition, do not serve anything - which makes the proposed law a text that will have no impact on the state of the applicable law. The most teasing will say that this is not the first time we make a law that serves no useful purpose..." In effect, if the operation has an effect on the stock of laws (of which we know not the magnitude), the simplification and the "savings" on the complexity of standard-setting are invalid, and the declassification surgery painless. Regarding simplification, we find ourselves at the starting line, work that the old european democracies have already undertaken: the Belgians, the Germans, the British and the Dutch have done. In terms of stock inventory, normative, the Germans have undertaken this work of the Roman in the early 2000s while a reduction target was deployed and reached between 2006 and 2012. Now the body dedicated to follow-up, the Nationaler Normenkontrollrat, plays its role of watchdog and publication of the annual impact of the production of laws in relation to this repository.
The number of laws active in Germany, running since around 1700. In France the monitoring of standard-setting activity is insured by the SGG (general Secretariat of the government), but in contrast to Belgium, which has a similar body (the Agency for administrative simplification), the publications are the dropper (via the annual publication of the scoreboard on the standard-setting activities) and, without measure econometric the impact of the standard on administrative complexity (excluding the activity of the national Council of assessment of standards for local authorities, a measure of its fiscal impact, but not its intrinsic complexity). This remains largely insufficient, in particular with regard to users, businesses and even the administration itself.see also : Justice: the objectives of the expenditure that is not required of the government
And yet, as minimal as it is, this deletion represents a step towards a better control of inflation, standard-setting in France. A second step would be in course of preparation, on the period of 1940 up to the present day. The mission Mop has already listed more than 200 texts which could be repealed. An intention to be meritorious. When the removal of standards that aggravate today the administrative burden of households, businesses and communities, as do our european neighbours? Still an effort...